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Immigration & Cities

VA Standards of Learning

QuestionAnswer
In the late 19th century, where were European immigrants processed before being admitted into the United States? Ellis Island
Why did most immigrants choose to live in large cities when they got the U.S.? Specialized industries and factory jobs were located in cities.
Urbanization Growth and Development of Cities
Industrialization Growth of Industry
Mechanization Development and Use of Machines
What are two ways Mechanization changed farming in America? 1. Increased Farm Production 2. Decreased the Need for Human Labor - people lost their jobs on farms, so they moved to the cities to work in factories
Four Reasons for the Increase in Immigration 1. Better Opportunities 2. Religious Freedom 3. Escape from Oppressive Governments 4. Adventure
Three Reasons for the Growth and Development of Cities 1. Specialized Industries ( ex. Steel = Pittsburgh) 2. Increase in Immigration 3. People moving from Rural areas to Urban areas for Factory Jobs
What was the Negative Impact of Rapid Urbanization? Overcrowded immigrant neighborhoods and tenements
What specialized industry was in Chicago? Meatpacking Industry
What specialized industry was in Detroit? Automobile Industry - Henry Ford
What specialized industry was in Pittsburgh? Steel Industry - Andrew Carnegie
What did Jane Addams establish in Chicago to help immigrants and the poor? Settlement House - Hull House
What did corrupt political machines help immigrants with in exchange for votes? Jobs & Housing
Boss Tweed was the leader of this corrupt political machine in New York City. Tammany Hall
Which two immigrant groups faced the most discrimination? Irish and Chinese
Which famous Muckraker used his photographs of tenements to show "How the Other Half Lives" ? Jacob Riis
Created by: MrsBrown_MEH