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Know Most of your Very Important People

Name What they are known for
Abraham The First Patriarch in the Bible. This man exists in the Quaran, The Bible and The Torah. He is considered by the Jews as the father of the Israelites.
Akbar the Great (1542-1605 A.D.) Emperor of the Mugal Empire in India. He is responsible for the expansion of the empire and its stability. His administration increased cultural diffusion and trade in India.
Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.) He conquered most of the Ancient world from Asia Minor and Anatolia to Egypt and India. His conquered territories became part of the Hellenistic culture which blended Greek, Persian, Indian and Egyptian culture.
Asoka (?-232 B.C.) King of the Mauryan empire. He ruled the entire subcontinent of India before the Gupta. He was known for spreading Buddhism via missionaries.
Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755 A.D.) Enlightenment thinker from France who wrote a book called The Spirit of the Laws in 1748. This book advocated for 3 Branches of Government.
Buddha and/or Siddhartha Gautama (563?-483? B.C.) Hindu for "enlightened one." He was an Indian philosopher and the founder of Buddhism
Julius Caesar (100-44 B.C.) Roman General and statesman. He is responsible for setting up the imperial system in Rome. he led Rome before Augustus.
John Calvin (1509-1564 A.D.) Theologian and church reformer who developed a form of Protestantism during the Reformation. His church is know for the idea of predestination, which states certain people are predestined for heaven.
Catherine the Great An enlightened despot who ruled over Russia. She is responsible for many positive changes in Russia, as well as securing the country a warm water port.
Jesus Christ Founder of Christianity. Considered by Christians to be the Son of God, God in the Flesh and The Messiah. He is the Central Figure in the Christian Religion regardless of the sect.
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506 A.D.) Italian Explorer working for Spain who, in 1492, crossed the Atlantic Ocean and discovered Puerto Rico as well as went on a total of 4 Atlantic Crossing journeys to the Americas.
Confucius (551-479 B.C.) Chinese Philosopher and writer of The Analects, a collection of moral and social teachings, including the concept of the Five Relationships of filial piety.
Constantine (274-337 A.D.) Roman Emperor between 306 and 337 A.D. He founded the City of Constantinople changing it's original name which was Byzantium . He had Christianity become an accepted religion in the Byzantine Empire.
Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543 A.D.) Polish astronomer who wrote On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres. Theorized that the earth orbited the sun with his Heliocentric Model that disregarded Ptolemy's model and was against the Roman Catholic Churches accepted Idea of the Solar System.
Hernan Cortez (1485-1547 A.D.) Spanish Conquistador who was responsible for the conquest of the Aztec Empire and the claiming of much of Central america for the Spanish
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658 A.D.) Leader of the English Reformation that deposed Stuart monarchs in favor of a short lived republic.
Vasca de Gama (1469?-1524 A.D.) Portuguese Explorer who, in 1498, established an all water route to India for the sake of trading,
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519 A.D.) An Italian painter, sculptor, engineer, inventor and physicist, and physiologist. Famous Works include the Mona Lisa, The last Supper. Known as the ideal Renaissance man.
Rene Descartes (1596-1650 A.D.) French intellectual philosopher who challenged traditional ideas. He said that human reason was capable of discovering and explaining the nature of man.
Ferdinand and Isabella During the late 15th century, they became king and queen of a united Spain after centuries of Islamic domination.
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642 A.D.) Italian astronomer. One of the founders of Europe's scientific revolution, one of his main contributions is the application of the telescope to astronomy. He was able to prove Copernicus' heliocentric model correct.
Genghis Khan (1167?-1227 A.D.) One of Mongolia's greatest rulers and the founder of the Mongol empire. Used psychological warfare, biological warfare and the stirrup for cavalry.
Johannes Gutenberg (1400?-1468 A.D.) German printer and European pioneer in the use of movable type.
King Henry VII of England (1491-1547 A.D.) King of England who transformed his country into a protestant nation during the Reformation. Passed Supremacy Act to make himself the head of the Church of England.
Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679 A.D.) English philosopher and political theorist. Wrote Leviathan, where he favored an absolute government as the only means of balancing human interests and desires with their rights of life and property.
John Locke (1632-1704 A.D.) English philosopher and political theorist. He wrote Two Treatises on Government which explained that all men have Natural rights which are Life, Liberty and Property, and the purpose of government was to protect these rights.
Martian Luther (1483-1546 A.D.) Theologian and religious reformer who started the Reformation with his 95 Thesis which protested church corruption, namely the sale of indulgences.
Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527 A.D.) Italian historian and philosopher of the Renaissance. His greatest work, The Prince is a book of political advice to rulers which he describes the methods that a prince should use to acquire and maintain political power. "The ends Justify the Means."
Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521 A.D.) Spanish explorer who was the first to circumnavigate the globe
Mansa Musa Emperor of Kingdom of Mali in Africa. Made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East.
Marco Polo (1254-1324 A.D.) Italian explorer and Author. He made numerous trips to China and returned to write of his journeys. he is responsible for much of the knowledge exchanged between Europe and China. This led to cultural diffusion.
Michelangelo (1475-1564 A.D.) An Italian sculptor, painter, poet, engineer and architect. Famous works include the mural on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and the sculpture of the biblical character David.
Mohammed Prophet of Allah: founder of Islam.
Francisco Pizarro (1476?-1541 A.D.) Spanish conquistador who was responsible for the conquest of the Incan Empire.
Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778 A.D.) French Writer and Enlightenment Philosopher. Wrote a book called The Social Contract which states that people are basically good. He philosophized that government should be run based on majority and based of of General Will is the best interest of people
William Shakespeare (1564-1616 A.D.) English poet and playwright. He wrote 37 plays. These plays reflect the ideas of individualism and unconquerable human spirit. Most of these plays are still performed to this day.
Voltaire (1694-1778 A.D.) French Philosopher. He believed that freedom of speech was the best weapon against bad government. He spoke out against the corruption of the bad French government and the intolerance of the Catholic Church.
Zheng He (1371-1433? A.D.) Chinese naval explorer who sailed along most of the coast of Asia, Japan and Africa in a fleet of gigantic "Floating Dragons" for the Ming dynasty. Some scholars believe that he made it all the way to the Americas and back.
Bartholemeu Dias First explorer to round the cape of good hope and discover ocean gyres.
Issac Newton Mathematician and astronomer who developed calculus and the theory of Gravity.
Johannes Kepler Astronomer who discovered how the planets move in an elliptic orbital motion.
Ibn Battuta Explorer who sought to go to Mecca so he could spread the Islamic religion. His extensive travels led to Cultural Diffusion.
Moses Prophet in Abrahamic religions. According to the Hebrew Bible, he was a former Egyptian prince who later in life became a religious leader and lawgiver and the Exodus leader.
Sarah The wife and also the half–sister of Abraham and the mother of Isaac as described in the Hebrew Bible and the Quran. Her name was originally Sarai.
Augustus/Octavian The founder of the Roman Principate and considered the first Emperor, controlling the Roman Empire from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. Led after Caesar.
Laozi An ancient Chinese philosopher and writer. He is known as the reputed author of the Tao Te Ching and the founder of philosophical Taoism, and as a deity in religious Taoism and traditional Chinese religions.
Saint Paul Some sources regard him as the most important spreader of the Christian faith who was previously known as Saul. He was an apostle who taught the gospel of the Christ to the first century world after the death of Jesus Christ. Originally he was Jewish.
Mary Wollstonecraft An English writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights. During her brief career in the Enlightenment period, she wrote novels, treatises, a travel narrative, a history of the French Revolution
Ptolemy A Greek writer, known as a mathematician, astronomer, geographer and astrologer. He developed one of the first models of the Solar System describing that Earth was the center of the universe.
Robespierre A French lawyer and politician. He was one of the best-known and most influential figures associated with the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror.
Napoleon French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. He created the French Empire under his name and lost miserably in Russia and at Waterloo.
Simon Bolivar A Venezuelan military and political leader who played a leading role in the establishment of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Panama as sovereign states, independent of Spanish rule.
Jose San Martin An Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire.
Miguel Hidalgo A Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary leader who is called the father of Mexican independence. He started the rebellion from his Church yelling to have death to the Spanish.
Toussaint L'overture Best-known leader of the Haitian Revolution. Created the first Black insurrection in 1791. Fought for the Spanish against the French; then for France against Spain and Britain; and finally, for Saint-Domingue colonial sovereignty against Napoleonic France
Shi Huangdi The founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China. Created The Great Wall and Chinese centralized government.
Joan of Arc Nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans", is considered a heroine of France for her role during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years' War, and was canonized as a Roman Catholic saint.
Adam Smith A Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and a key figure in the Scottish Enlightenment. He wrote The Wealth of Nations.
Karl Marx A German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Wrote The Communist Manifesto.
Friedrich Engels A German philosopher, social scientist, journalist, and businessman. He founded Marxist theory together with Karl Marx.
Liu Bang Emperor Gaozu of Han, born Liu Bang, was the founder and first emperor of the Han dynasty, reigning from 202 – 195 BC. He was one of the few dynasty founders in Chinese history with humble origin from the peasant class.
Socrates Classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. His ideas were seen as heresy and he killed himself with use of Hemlock.
Aristotle A Greek philosopher and scientist, a student of Socrates.
Plato A philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Giuseppe Garibaldi An Italian general, politician and nationalist who played a large role in the history of Italy. He is considered, with Camillo Cavour, Victor Emmanuel II and Giuseppe Mazzini, as one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland".
Giuseppe Mazzini An Italian politician, journalist and activist for the unification of Italy and spearheaded the Italian revolutionary movement.
Count Camillo de Cavour An Italian statesman and a leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification.
Otto Von Bismark A conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890. He unified Germany with his Blood and Iron techniques and led the Berlin Conference.
Rudyard Kipling An English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist. Kipling's works of fiction include The Jungle Book, Kim, and many short stories, including "The Man Who Would Be King". He wrote "White Man's Burden"
Nelson Mandela A South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa.
Mahatma Gandhi The preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. He led many civil disobedient movements all of which were peaceful.
Commodore Mathew Perry A Commodore of the United States Navy and commanded a number of ships. He made 2 voyages to Japan to form what would be the treaty of Kangawana.
Homer The writer of two epics, the Iliad and the Odyssey, the central works of Greek literature. Regarded as one of the first writers of the fantasy genre.
Hippocrates/ Hippocrates II A Greek physician of the Age of Pericles, and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. A medical oath under his name is still used in medical practices today.
Philip The Great/ Philip II of Macedon The king of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon. He was the father of Alexander the Great.
Euclid A Greek Socratic philosopher and Mathmatician who founded the Megarian school of philosophy. He was a pupil of Socrates in the late 5th century BCE
Suleiman the Magnificent Instituted major legislative changes relating to society, education, taxation and criminal law. He created an empire with religious toleration and created a Golden age in the Ottoman Empire.
Hannibal A Second Punic War military commander from Carthage, generally considered one of the greatest military commanders in history.
Scipio A Roman general and later consul who is often regarded as one of the greatest generals and military strategists of all time. His main achievements were during the Second Punic War where he is best known for defeating Hannibal at the final battle at Zama.
Archemedies A Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. He discovered the concept of pi.
Cecil Rhodes A British businessman, mining magnate and politician in South Africa, who served as Prime Minister of the Cape Colony from 1890 to 1896. Sought to have all of Africa under British Control and to build a railroad from Cairo to Cape Town.
Wudi Han emporer resulting in vast territorial expansion, development of a strong and centralized state resulting from his governmental re-organization, including his promotion of Confucian doctrines. In the field of historical social and cultural studies.
Denis Diderot The writer and publisher of The Encyclopedia and 28 volumes of The Classified Dictionary of the Sciences, Arts and Trades. He used the printing press and made reading material available. His purpose was to change the general way of thinking.
Francis Bacon Wrote the Advancement of Learning. He began the Scientific Method and used it with the study of philosophy and knowledge.
Becaria Wrote about torturing individuals put in prison and that those individuals should not be "rotting " in jail.
Queen Elizabeth I Re began the Anglican church in England after Henry VII was off the throne. She was an absolute monarch. The Catholics tried to overthrow her while protestants supported her.
King Louis XVI He was known as "The Sun King" he built the palace of Versailles and then put France into crippling debt. He was married to Marie Antoinette, also known as Madame Deficit.
Ivan the Terrible Before the death of his wife Anastasia controlled trade, captured land and increased Russian Wealth, yet after Anastasia's death he killed nobles, made a secret service and killed his son due to his mind being completely lost.
Peter the Great Known for Westernizing Russia by bringing in different education, giving Women greater rights, starting newspapers and introducing potatoes to the Russians. He was key in Russian-European Cultural Diffusion.
Maria Theresa She was an absolute Monarch who birthed Maria Antoinette. She led Austria and fought a lot with Prussia. She decreased the power of nobility and made her autocratic government stronger.
Fredrick the Great King of Prussia who led a gigantic army who found that it was his role to expand his territories especially due to the fact that he despised Austria.
King Charles I He was an absolute ruler of England, Scotland and Ireland who found that it was the divine right of kings to get what they wanted. He was a tyrannical ruler. Pushed to have England become Anglican.
King Charles II Chaos had broken out in England under the rule of Charles I for the excessive changes in Protestantism to Anglicanism. So he created Religious Toleration in England, Scotland and Ireland.
King James II United Scotland to the English Monarchy. He led after Queen Elisabeth I. When Revolution broke out he ran away, thus the Revolution was called the Glorious Revolution.
William and Mary Created the English Bill of Rights. Because Protestantism was thriving they created a protestant religion and ended Roman Catholicism. In 1693 a College was built under their names.
John Ronald Ruel Tolkien An English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high-fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.
Created by: pgaston2



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