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An Industrial Giant

Chapter 17

American Federation of Labor (AFL) A union, formed in 1886, that organized skilled workers along craft lines. It focused on workplace issues rather than political or social reform.
Interstate Commerce Act Federal law establishing the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1887, the nation's first regulatory agency. All charges made by railroads "shall be reasonable and just"
Knights of Labor Nation Labor organization, formed in 1869 and headed by Uriah Stephens and Terence Powderly. Promoted union solidarity, political reform and sociability among members.
laissez-faire A French term--literally, " to let alone"-- used in economic contexts to signify the absence of governmental interference in or regulation of economic matters.
National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry A farmers' organization, founded in 1867, by Oliver H. Kelley, that initially provided social and cultural benefits but then supported legislation, known as the Granger laws, providing for railroad regulation.
Sherman Antitrust A federal law, passed in 1890, that outlawed monopolistic organizations that functioned to restrain trade.
Social Darwinism A belief that Charles Darwin's theory of the evolution of species also applied to social and economic institutions and privacies.
Industrial Growth New nature resources were discovered and exploited, increasing opportunities. Expands population
Railroad Important first as an industry in themselves. Organized integrated systems. Established present day timezones.
standard oil, Iron, and Electricity The transformation of iron manufacturing affected the nation almost as much as railroad development. Output rose, Steele was expensive.
Cleveland, Pittsburgh, Baltimore, and the New York City area. By the 1870s what were chief oil-refining centers?
Created by: hannahljackson