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Standards 1-5 US

TermDefinition
Colony area of settled land by immigrants ruled by parent country
Charter Government permission (certificate)
Indentured servant contracted worker that works in exchange for food, shelter, etc. for a period of time
Puritan people who favored the purification of England’s Anglican Church
Religious toleration idea that people of different religions should live in peace
Mayflower Compact Plymouth Colony agree to obey government laws
Proprietary colony colony grant by king or queen to individual or group who has full governing rights
Mercantilism Economic theory that country should keep as much gold and silver by exporting more goods than importing
Balance of trade Difference of value between imports and exports
Triangular trade Trade between Americas, Europe and Africa
Middle Passage leg in triangular trade between Africa and Americas
Great Awakening Religious revival in American colonies 1730s and 40s
French and Indian War 1754 to 1763, France with allied Indian nations and Britain with colonist over control over eastern North America
Boston Massacre March 5, 1770 British soldiers killed five colonist
Declaration of Independence 1776 statement, Second Continental Congress, why colonies wanted independence from Britain
Articles of Confederation 1781 plan established limited national government in US, replaced by Constitution
U.S. Constitution 1787 Plan of government established parts of government, duties and powers
Federal System of Government power is shared among state and national authorities
Separation of powers Constitutional allotting of powers within federal government among legislative, executive and judicial branch
Checks and balances system where each branch of government checks the actions of the others
Federalists Supporters of the Constitution, favored strong government
Anti Federalists
Bill of Rights first ten amendments of Constitution
Strict construction belief that government should only use implied powers when absolutely necessary
Loose construction belief that government can do anything that the Constitution does not prohibit
Marbury v. Madison 1803 Supreme Court case establishing judicial review
Judicial review power of federal courts to review state laws and state court decisions to determine if they are constitutional
Created by: abreland