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13 & 14

Government chapter

Jurisdiction the official power to make legal decisions and judgments
Plaintiff the person/entity bringing a lawsuit
Original Jurisdiction the court, any court, where a case is first heard
Concurrent Jurisdiction both the federal and state courts have jurisdiction
Appellate Jurisdiction the court, any court, where a case is appealed from a court with original jurisdiction. Note: Not all cases can be appealed
Criminal Laws disputes between the government and a person or entity in which the criminal penalties of life, liberty , or property are at risk
Civil Law distributes between individual or between an individual's and the government in which the criminal penalties of life or liberty are not an option
Equity not technically “law” but a system by which a case is decided not by the law but by “fundamental fairness”
Grand Jury the jury that determines whether there is sufficient evidence to issue an indictment (formal charge)
Petit Jury the jury that actually hears the case and determines actual guilt or innocence
Substantive due process laws, and punishment for violating the laws must be reasonable
Procedural due process the government must follow a certain set of rules and procedures before it can affect your life, liberty, or property
Senatorial courtesy President submits the name of the judicial nomination to the two senators of the state where the judicial nominee resides before releasing the nominee name to the full senate/public District Court judges only
Writ of Certiorari an order directing the lower courts to send the records to the Supreme Court
Amicus Curiae- (“friend of the court”) Written statement from a party not directly involved in the case trying to influence the Supreme Court to vote one way or another.
Brief written statement explaining the facts, laws, analysis on why the court should rule in your favor
Judicial Review The power to determine whether laws are constitutional or unconstitutional
Defendant Person against whom a civil or criminal suit is brought in court
Bloc a combination of countries, parties, or groups sharing a common purpose
litigant a person involved in a lawsuit
oral arguments spoken to a judge or appellate court by a lawyer (or parties when representing themselves) of the legal reasons why they should prevail.
riding the circuit professional who travels a regular circuit of locations to provide services
per curium opinion ruling issued by an appellate court of multiple judges in which the decision rendered is made by the court acting collectively and unanimously
unaminous opinion when all voters are in agreement.
swing vote a vote that has a decisive influence on the result of an election.
Created by: cvHatcher



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