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Age of Reason

The Age of Reason-The English Civil War, the Enlightenment,& the Scientific Revo

TermDefinition
Divine right idea that monarchs received their authority from God.
Absolute ruler Queen or Kings actions that aren't restricted
Louis XIV(The Sun King) he revoked the Edict of Nantes forcing all french to be Catholic
Peter I ( the Great) instituted heavy taxes and forced the Russian to westernize
New Model Army army by the parliament in 1645 and exercised political power under Cromwell
Versailles Palace housing of queens and kings (in france)
English Civil War Parliament revolts against King Charles I for his abuse of power leading to the war. Parliament ends up defeating the King.
Roundheads Parliament and it's forces
Cavaliers The King Charles I and his forces
King Charles II Felt obligation to Parliament and was invited to rule to due to the dissatisfaction with Cromwell and his rulings.
King James II heir of King Charles II. When he came to the throne he tried to rule as a absolute monarchy and become a Catholic Monarchy once again
William & Mary The daughter of James. Her and her husband get invited to take the throne. They sign and pass the English Bill of Rights in 1689 creating a constitutional monarchy.
Constitutional or limited monarchy This allows the Parliament to have greater power than the monarch. This law isnt based on social ranking or status. ( Form of government today )
Period of the Restoration of the Monarchy Cromwell was into absolute monarchy ruling England under the Puritan religion. The Parliament found dissatisfaction in Cromwell so they invite King Charles II to rule and his heir King James II tries to convert back to absolute monarchy. ( divine right)
Oliver Cromwell leader of the roundheads. He ends up executing King Charles I and creates the English Commonwealth. He creates strict rule based on Puritan religious standards
The Commonwealth Established by Oliver Cromwell
The Glorious Revolution resulted in the English Bill of Rights
the enlightment gave understanding to the human society and believed in scientific knowledge(stimulated religious tolerance)
The Scientific Revolution expanded the scientific knowledge
Thomas Hobbes wrote Leviathan
John Locke wrote the Two Treatises on the Government
Monestesquieu wrote the spirit of laws
Jean-JAcques Wrote the Social Contract
Volitare believed in religious toleration
Levithan believed in the state of nature
Two Treatises on Government believed in people governing in themselves (state of nature)
In the Spirit of Laws created the separation of powers within the government
The social Contract government being a contract freely between rulers and the people
*Nicolaus Copernicus created the HelioCentric Theory ( the earth revolves around the sun)
Johnnes Kepler created the idea that the planetary motion is in the form of elliptical orbits around the sun
Galileo Galilei Used the telescope to the confirm the HelioCentric theory( ended up getting persecuted)
Issac Newton formulated the laws of gravity( helped explained the Kepler's theory)
William Harvey Discovered blood circulates throughtout the body in a closed system
Johann Sebastian Bach was a prominent classical composer
Wolfgang mozart prominent classical composer
Eugene Delacroix painter who contributed to Romanticism
Romanticism an artistic movement that focused on the beauty of nature and exposed human emotion
Miguel de Cervantes Helped develop a new form of literature with Don Quioxte
Created by: itss.jass