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WHAP Final

AP World HIstory 1st Semester Final

term,concept or peopleassociated word/ phraseassociated word/ phraseassociated word/ phrase
River Valleys Fertile soil communication and transportation unify people
Geography/ Geographical Features Influences people's culture or way of life Affects distribution of population Water based
Art and Agriculture in society reflect or tell us something about that culture in totalitarian societies it reflects the will of the ruler reflects the society's technology
Hammurabi's Code (Babylon) social order strict- "eye for an eye" like other codes of law
Mandate of Heaven/ Dynastic Code similar to the European theory of divine right believed authority to rule came from god ends in 1911 (1st Chinese Revolution)
China's Geography natural boundaries isolation ethnocentrism (middle kingdom)
Japan's Geography Archipelago/ lack of natural resources/ mountainous Isolation (until 19th century) and homogeneity dependence on trade- interdependent
West Europe's Geography Irregular coastlines trade Dev. of a navy/ imperialistic
Northern Africa's Geography Sahara desert and desertification distinct culture from sub-Saharan culture difficulty with trade, communication and travel
Sub-Saharan Africa's Geography abundance of minerals and resources European interest through imperialism diverse geographical features
Regular/Smooth Coastlines No natural bays & harbors little trade Africa
Latin America's Geography diverse geographical features diverse cultures- difficult to unify as one nation difficulty in transportation and communication
Monsoons India and Southeast Asia seasonal winds that bring much needed rain or dry air could be devastating (i.e. - in Bangladesh)
India's Geography Himalayas/Hindu Kush- Isolation for most of its history monsoons abundance of minerals and natural resources
Straits Strategic locations for trade Bosporus, Dardanelles, Malacca, Hormuz & Magellan Constantinople
Middle East Geography Arid/Sacristy of water Cultural crossroads Abundance of oil/oil as a weapon/O.P.E.C.
Deserts limit communication limit travel and trade act as barriers
Rivers improve communication improve trade and travel bring unity
Russia's Geography Historically driven by its need for access to warm water ports - Peter The Great Northern European plain was a frequent invasion route by enemies Russian winter: Swedes, French, and Germans defeated
Islam the Koran/ Quran 5 pillars of Islam monotheistic/Allah Mohammed
Judaism Monotheistic the Torah/the Talmud the covenant- the promised land- Israel
Confucianism seeks social order, harmony and stability the five relationships/ importance of family and ethics Filial Piety and Analects
Hinduism the Caste system/ rigid class system reincarnation/Dharma and Karma/Moksha Ahimsa
Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama Reincarnation/Nirvana 4 Noble Truths and eightfold path
Christianity Monotheistic Roots in Judaism Jesus Christ/Savior
Shintoism Spirits in Nature Practiced in Japan A form of Animism
Animism Practiced in Africa Similar to Shintoism/Spirits in Nature Traditional African societies
Cultural Diffusion Exchange of ideas between different cultures Buddhism spreading from India into China and Southeast Asia Occurs along trade routes-Silk Road
Interdependence Growing trade and dependence among nations Environmental and ecological concerns oil and O.P.E.C nations
Ancient Athens Birthplace of Democracy Questioning spirit and curiosity Pericles and the Golden age of Athens
Ancient Sparta Early form of a Totalitarian Government Militaristic spirit Little culture
Republic Rome Elected leaders 12 Tables of Law goodness of justice
Imperial Rome (27 CE - 476 CE) Centralized Gov. - "All roads lead to Rome" Collapsed in 476 CE - Led to chaos and disorder in Europe Collapse led to Rise of Feudalism
Byzantine Empire (300 CE - 1453 CE) Justinian's Code/Preservation of Greek and Roman thought Capital City (Constantinople): important trading center Eastern Orthodox religion and cultural diffusion with Russia
Constantinople Trading center between Europe and Asia ISRANBUL OTTOMANS
Justinian Code Roman Law Preservation of classical civilization Byzantine emperor formed it to codify laws
Silk Road Cultural Diffusion Trade between Asia and Europe Spread of Buddhism
Spread of Islam Northern Africa Mohammed and the Jihad 570 - 800CE
The Golden Age of Islam (800 - 1200 CE) Advances in science and math Calligraphy House of wisdom
Medieval Europe (500 CE - 1300's CE) Feudalism/ decentralized political system Powerful Catholic church/Main goal-salvation (the Hereafter) Gothic cathedrals-tall spires/Stained glass windows
Feudalism Rigid social class system need for stability, security and order Similar to Japanese Feudalism
Code of Chivalry Stresses Honor and Loyalty Similar to the code of Bushido Code followed by medieval knights
The Crusades (1095 - 1300's) Positive result or effect - increased trade between Asia and Europe Original purpose-Reclaim the holy land(Jerusalem) Negative effect-lasting hatred between Christians and Muslims
Japanese Feudalism Code of Bushido Rigid social Class system Shogun, Daimyo, Samurai
Tokugawa Shogunate Japanese isolation Forbade contact with foreigners ended in 1868
The Central Asian Steppe Environment of the Mongols semi-arid and grass land Nomadic people until Genghis Khan
The Mongol Empire (1200's-1400's) Spread from Asia to Eastern Europe Tributes and Taxes given to the Khans Isolated Russia for several Centuries
Axum and Kush Early African trading civilization - Salt and gold Western Africa Cultural diffusion: Christianity
Ghana, Mali and Songhai Early African trading civilization - Salt and Gold Western Africa Cultural diffusion - Islam from Northern Africa
The Black Plague (1348-1351) Social and economic collapse Break down of Feudalism End of the Middle ages
The Renaissance (1400 and 1500's) Humanism and Individualism - questioning spirit Rebirth of classical civilizations (Greece and Rome) Secularism
Motives For European Exploration (Old Imperialism) "God, Glory and Gold" Need for a new trade route to Asia after Constantinople falls to the ottomans in 1453 1. Desire to find riches & spices 2. Spread Christianity Curiosity about the world that was simulated by the Renaissance
Machiavelli "Ends justify the means" Interests of the state and leader are most important The Prince
The Protestant Reformation Martin Luther Protests against the catholic church End of religious unity in Europe
Martin Luther (1517) 95 Theses Speaking out about the practice of selling indulgences Germany
Counter Reformation/Catholic Reformation Council of Trent Ignatius of Loyola and the Jesuits Reaffirm Catholic doctrine but reform a little
Zheng He Chinese Exploration (Early 1400's) Ended because of Confucian beliefs about trade Chinese isolation after exploration ends
Ottoman Empire ("The stick Man of Europe" In 1800's) Spread out over parts of Eastern Europe and the Middle East Islamic empire Suleyman the Lawgiver
European Explorers (1500-1600's) Columbus "Discovers" the Americas Ferdin and Magellan Circumnavigates the world Da Gamma and Dias travel around Africa to get to Asia
Aztec Empire Located in Present day Mexico and Central America Highly advanced and unified under one leader Taken over by the Spanish and Cortes - Spanish more technologically advanced
Inca Empire Located in present day Peru Highly advanced Taken over by the Spanish and Pizarro - Spanish more technologically advanced
Neolithic Revolution Permanent settlement (towns& villages) Farming Domestication
Earliest Civilizations Along river valleys/ fertile soil Nile, Indus, Huang-He, Tigris and Euphrates Egyptian civilization, Indus civilization, Mesopotamia
Created by: lbclark1510
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