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Chapter 11 SS

The Jefferson Era

TermDefinition
Customs Duty A tax collected on goods that are imported.
Jurisdiction the power or right to interpret and apply a law
similar sharing qualities
principle a fundamental or basic law or idea
Judiciary Act of 1801 An act passed by Federalists to expand the nation's court system.
3 principles of Judicial Review 1. the Constitution is the supreme law of the land; The Constitution must b e followed when there is a conflict with any other law; 3. the Judicial branch can declare laws unconstitutional.
Secede Withdraw from the Union
Marbury v Madison Lawsuit which established the 3 principles of jurisdiction
McCulloch v Maryland Court stated that Congress does have implied powers and the States cannot tax the Federal Government
Gibbons v Ogden Found that Federal Law is considered first when the issue impacts more than 1 State
Worcester v Georgia States could not regulate Native Americans
Toussaint L'Ouverture The man who led enslaved Africans in Santo Domingo against the French (Napoleon) who after they lost in Haiti, no longer cared about keeping Louisiana.
authority the power to influence or command thought, opinions, or behavior
purchase the act of buying something
Sacagawea 1788-1812 Daughter of Shoshone Indian Chief. She was hired by Lewis & Clark to interpret (translate) for them.
Lewis & Clark President Jefferson asked them to explore to the West, find the Northwest passage. They reached the Pacific Ocean (This area is now Washington & Oregon where Mommy grew up.)
LT. Zebulon Pike Explored the west and found Colorado, named highest mountain - Pike's Peak
Aaron Burr plotted to help New England area to secede (leave) the United States and shot Hamilton in a duel (Pistol fight).
tribute money paid to a leader or state for protection.
neutral rights privileges or freedoms that are granted to nations that do not choose a side in a conflict.
embargo a prohibition or blocking of trade with a certain country
nationalism a strong sense of devotion to one's country
Empress of China brought silks and tea from China to New York
War of Tripoli The Barbary States demanded payment (tribute) from US Ships, President Jefferson refused to pay. Pirates seized the US warship Philadelphia and the US set up a blockade of Tripoli.
Stephen Decatur Captain of US warship Philadelphia. He burned the ship so the pirates couldn't use it.
react to act in response of something
Embargo of 1807 Prohibited trade - imports and exports - with all foreign countries. Targeted Great Britain - was a disaster.
restriction a rule or regulation that limits something
Ohio Became a State in 1803
Tecumseh A Shawnee Chief who tried to build a confederacy among the Indian tribes.
Tenskwatawa Tecumseh's brother known as the Prophet.
Battle of Tipplecanoe Tenskwatawa, with the warriors defended against US government, lost battle. 1811
War Hawks Led by Henry Clay of Kentucky and John Calhoun of South Carolina, supported increase in military spending.
underestimated misjudged/ to judge something below its actual value
frigate a fast, medium-sized warship
Oliver Hazard Perry Commander of Lake Erie naval forces, seized it from Britain and Native Americans
Battles of Thames Battle between Britain & Native Americans against US - Tecumseh was killed here.
Creek Indian Tribe which lost 550 people in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.
goal something one is trying to accomplish
Dolly Madison 1768-1849 - Dolley acted as hostess for widowed President Jefferson and refused to leave the White House when the British approached.
Treaty of Ghent 1814 peace agreement between US and British to end War of 1812
Hartford Convention in Connecticut Federalists made a list of proposed amendments to the Constitution.
Economic independence War of 1812 helped US gain economic (money) independence / freedom
Battle of New Orleans Made Andrew Jackson a national hero.
impressment
Presidential Election of 1800 Federalist - President Adams with Charles Pinckney. Republicans - Thomas Jefferson & Aaron Burr. Jefferson & Burr tied so it was decided by House of Representatives.
Electors a group of people who vote for the President, casting ballots.
# of Electors Each State has the same number of electors as it does members of Congress
12th Amendment Passed in 1803 which required electors to vote for 1 President and 1 Vice President.
Created by: MarinT