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Hinduism— one of the oldest religions in the world, beginning with the Aryans; thousands of gods and goddesses
cast system— established social groups that people are born into and cannot change
Sanskrit—= the language of India, developed by the Aryans
Brahman— the universal spirit
Brahmin— caste of Hindu priests
Reincarnation— the idea of passing through many lives to achieve Brahman
Dharma— the Divine Law
Karma— the consequences of how a person lives
Hindi - invented the concept of zero ‘0’
Asoka— history’s 1st great Buddhist king
Buddhism— religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha (“enlightened one”) by his followers
Theocracy— when a religious leader is head of the government
Aryans— a group of people from central Asia who raised and herded animals—also great warriors—who migrated into India and brought with them SANSKRIT and the VEDAS
rIndus Rive— water flows down from the Himalayan Mountains and when controlled can be used for farming; the area around the river is called the Indus River Valley
Mauryan Empire— India’s 1st empire
Gupta Empire— empire known for increased trade, India’s “golden age” of art and learning
Vedas— ancient hymns and prayers for religious ceremonies
Four Noble Truths— foundation of Buddhist teachings: 1. suffering, 2. the cause of suffering, 3. the end of suffering, and 4. the path that leads to the end of suffering.
Eightfold path— according to the Buddha, the eight steps to eliminate suffering They are: To know the truth To intend to resist evil
culture— the beliefs, customs, and arts of a particular society
politics— actions and ideas that influence government
Created by: cf05179