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2B Colonial America

Important people of the Colonial Era

TermDefinition
Thomas Hooker Puritan leader who left Massachusetts and founded Connecticut. He believed that people could limit the power of government.
Baron de Montesquieu Responsible for separation of powers
John Locke European Enlightenment philosopher. Believed in the social contract; his ideas are found in the Declaration of Independence
William Blackstone Authority on English Common Law (legal concepts existing before laws were formally written)
William Penn Founded Pennsylvania on Quaker religious beliefs
John Smith Jamestown leader "If any would not work, neither should he eat."
Pocahantas Powhatan Indian who helped save Jamestown by providing food and keeping peace with Native Americans
Anne Hutchinson Founded Rhode Island with Roger Williams. Was forced to leave Massachusetts because she began preaching against the Puritans
Puritans Group who followed the Pilgrims to Massachusetts. Government by religion.
Pilgrims First colonists in Massachusetts. Strict religious rules were imposed on everyone. Mayflower Compact
Roger Williams Founded Rhode Island. Left the Massachusetts Puritans because he believed the government should stay out of religion.
John Winthrop Puritan founder of Massachusetts. Government by Biblical principles