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Chapter 14

what was one of the problems in the church? Bishops sold positions in the Church
what was simony? Bishops selling positions in the Church
what were the Characteristics of Romanesque Architecture? round arches a heavy roof held up by thick walls had very little light dark and gloomy small in size
what were the Characteristics of Gothic Architecture? large cathedrals built towards heaven ribbed vaults flying buttresses pointed arches tall spires stain glass windows with a lot of light
Who was Dominic? and What did he do? a Spanish priest, he founded the Dominicans
Who were the Dominicans? What did they emphasize? one of the earliest order of the friars. They emphasized the importance of study and many were scholars
Who was Francis of Assisi? he was an Italian priest, founded another order for friars, the Franciscans.
what were three results of the crusades? 1) Return of trade and learning (trade between Europe and Southeast Asia) 2) Weakened the power of the pope and the church 3) Weakened the feudal nobility and increased the power of kings
What were three changes that happened in the middle ages? A switch from oxen to horsepower The development of guilds Universities develop in Paris, Bologna, Salerno, and Oxford
Who was Thomas Aquinas? he was the most famous philospher
what did Thomas Aquinas believe? he believed that the most basic religious truths could be proved by logical argument.
What was medieval philosophy based on? it was based on Scholasticism
what kind of revolution began in the medieval ages? the first and second agricultural revolutions the commercial revoloution
what were the 2 goals English kings tried to achieve? 1. hold and add to their French lands 2. Strengthen their own power over the nobles and the church.
How long did Henry II rule England? What did he do during that time? Henry II ruled England from 1154 to 1189. He strengthened the royal courts of justice Henry introduced the use of a jury in English courts
who was William the conqueror? What did he do? He was King Edward's cousin he invaded England he invaded Normandy he claimed the crown he and the Normans won the battle of Hastings
what was the cause of the problems under king John’s rule? 1. he was cruel to his nobles 2. He alienated the church and threatened to take away town charters and he raised taxes
Who was John? What did he do? he was Richard the lion hearted's brother he was the reason for the Magna Carta he failed as a military leader
What did Pope Boniface VIII attempt to do in 1300?? Pope Boniface VIII attempted to enforce papal authority on kings as previous popes had
What were the Symptoms of the Bubonic Plague? Painful swellings called buboes in the lymph nodes, particularly to se in the armpits and groin Sometimes purplish or blackish spots on the skin Extremely high fever chills, delirium, and in most cases death.
What were some of the Results of the Bubonic Plague? 1)The serfs left the manor in search of better wages 2)Town population, and ons fell 3)Trade declined and prices of goods rose
Who launched the 100 years war? Edward III
Why was the 100 years war launched? for the throne of France
Name 2 results of the 100 years war? 1)The power and prestige of the French monarch increased 2)The english suffered a period of internal turmoil known as the war of the roses in which two noble houses fought for the throne of England.
What are the Reasons for the decline of the middle ages? 1)the hundred year’s war ends in 1453 2)Revival of trade and cities 3)Revival of education and learning
When did the 100 years war end? 1453
Created by: 21swadi
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