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Nationalism Era

U.S. History

TermDefinition
nationalism pride and devotion to one's country
Era of Good Feelings phrase coined by a Boston newspaper showing the feelings of nationalism the nation felt during President James Monroe's goodwill tour of the country
American System a proposal by Henry C and John C. Calhoun to promote economic independence for the U.S. through protective tariffs, internal improvements, and reinstating the Bank of the United States
Tariff of 1816 a high tax on imports, by the Federal Government, designed protect American manufacturers that were being pushed out of business by cheap British goods
McCulloch v. Maryland (1816) A Supreme Court case that established the Federal Government's authority over the states by ruling against a state for taxing the Bank of the United States, stating a state institution could not tax a Federal institution, that Congress under the Elastic C
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) A Supreme Court ruling, regarding two ferry operations, which established anything crossing state lines came under the control of the Federal Government.
Erie Canal ran from Albany to Buffalo, connecting the Hudson River from New York harbor, making it possible for barges to move tons of cargo further faster and cheaper, to the interior.
railroads fastest mode of transportation, making transportation possible in any weather and topography faster and cheaper, causing towns agriculture, and other businesses to boom in the West
steam engine perfected by Robert Fulton, the steamboat Clermont traveled from New York City to Albany on the Hudson River in 32 hours.
Cumberland Road ran from Cumberland, Maryland to Wheeling, Virginia in 1811, then later Illinois in 1818.
Rush-Bagot Treaty (1817) U.S. and Britain agreed to remove all Warships from the Great Lakes, except a few small vessels to prevent smuggling, which later encouraged two countries to demilitarize the 3,000 miles of the U.S.-Canada border
Convention of 1818 specified where U.S. ships could fish in Canadian waters, set the northern boundary of the Louisiana Territory at the 49th parallel from Minnesota to the Rockies, and the U.S. and Britain had joint occupation of the Oregon Territory for 20 years.
Andrew Jackson along with the Tennessee militia, pursued Seminole forces into Florida, and seized Spanish settlements at Pensacola and St. Marks.
cede to give something up
Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) In this agreement Spain ceded Florida to the U.S., the U.S. reimbursed U.S. citizens who had claims against Spain; set the the western boundary of the Louisiana Territory from the Gulf of Mexico to the Oregon Territory and the Pacific; and the U.S. gave u
Monroe Doctrine -Western hemisphere no longer open for colonization -political system of the Americas is different from Europe's -U.S. would regard any interference in the Western Hemispheric affairs as a threat to its security -U.S. would refrain from participation i
Elastic Clause part of the Constitution allowing Congress to create laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its powers
John Marshall Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1801 to 1835
Manifest Destiny the goal of the U.S. to expand from the Atlantic to the Pacific
interstate commerce trade between the states, which is under the authority of the Federal Government
Created by: ltrudeau