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Mid Term Test

Why did the slaves brought into Louisiana after statehood have a different culture than those brought before statehood? The slaves after statehood were mostly English speaking and were from other states, not other countries.
How has human interaction affected the Mississippi River? Flooding is more controlled by levees, dams, canals, and reservoirs.
Why is the blues often described as a link to the past? Blues is based on the chants of plantation slaves.
What caused the death of nearly half the Native American population in Louisiana? disease
Which is an example of cultural diffusion? Vietnamese po'boy
Who are the free people of color? African-Americans who were free during the time of slavery.
In what ways are Cajun music and Zydeco similar? Both use the accordion and are sung in French.
How did the Red River Valley get its name? The river carries rich red soil into Louisiana.
How did the introduction of the nutria affect the coastal region? Nutria eat marsh plants that hold the soil together.
Which tribe that was present when the French settled Louisiana no longer exists as a tribe? Natchez
Which explains why the Natchez chose to settle in the location that they did? The land was extremely fertile.
Which ethnic group is associated with Oktoberfest? Germans
In addition to the Choctaw, what are the other three Native American groups in Louisiana recognized as sovereign nations by the U.S. government? Tunica-Biloxi, Coushatta, and Chitimacha
Who is a Creole? a descendant of gens de couleur libre who also has a shared French or Spanish background
How are cultural regions defined? shared ways of cooking, speaking, and worshipping
In the early 1900s what contributed to the expansion of New Orleans beyond the Natural Levee? More effective pumps were invented to drain swampland.
Which are ways culture is expressed? architecture, religious beliefs, and customs
Which explains the scarcity of switch cane along the border of the Natural Levee? increased population
Which describes how Native Americans’ use of Louisiana’s land and resources changed from the Paleo to the Late Neo period? from hunting and gathering to agricultural
What were the cash crops of the Plantation Country? cotton and sugar
Why did Meso Indian groups begin to settle in Louisiana? Louisiana’s environment provided a wealth of biological and natural resources.
Which ethnic group introduced the accordion into Louisiana culture? Germans
Following the flood of 1927, what steps were taken to control the Mississippi’s yearly floods? The Army Corps of Engineers added dams, diversion canals, reservoirs, and other flood control structures to the existing levee system
Which modern sport was inspired by the Choctaw game toli? lacrosse
Which two types of music combined to become rock and roll? country music and blues
What is the urban center of Plantation Country? Baton Rouge
What is an ethnic group? A group of people who share distinct cultural characteristics, such as language and customs.
Which cultural region would have interested loggers and farmers? Sportsman’s Paradise because of its forests and rolling hills
Why was an extensive flood control system built along the banks of the Mississippi River? to protect the cities along the river’s course
How did the arrival of Acadian refugees affect the Chitimacha tribe? Group members intermarried, and French became a common language.
What geographic feature marks the highest point in Louisiana? Driskill Mountain
What are the characteristics of marshland? flat and wet with grasses
Paleo Indians migrated in the same pattern as which animal? Mastodon
Which has been responsible for damaging Louisiana’s coastal regions? hurricanes
How did Louisiana’s environment affect the Meso Indian culture? Louisiana’s smaller game led to the development of the atatl, axes, and awls.
What are spirituals? sacred African American songs
Which Frenchman is credited with providing some of the earliest written records of Louisiana’s native people? Le Page Du Pratz
Why did the government feel it was necessary to establish the CODOFIL? Cultural diffusion was causing the loss of the French language.
How did the po’ boy get its name? supported the striking streetcar conductors
On the state flag what do the three drops of blood flowing from the breast of the brown pelican symbolize? the state’s willingness to sacrifice itself for its citizens
What is the main purpose of the Gulf Intercoastal Waterway? to provide a safe and continuous channel for small boats and ships engaged in trade and commerce
What are the four stages of Louisiana’s prehistory? Paleo Indian, Meso Indian, Early Neo Indian, and Late Neo Indian
Who is responsible for the governance of the modern day Chitimacha tribe? Tribal Council Members
Which attribute of Paleo culture was a result of following the animals they hunted? temporary shelter
What conclusion can be drawn about Louisiana’s people based on information about hurricanes in Louisiana? Due to Louisiana’s location, its citizens must be prepared to deal with a hurricane at all times.
Which is an example of how the introduction of European trade goods affected the lives of Native Americans? Guns changed the way they hunted and fought among themselves
How does coastal erosion affect the Marsh region? The land area is continually decreasing.
What agricultural effect often occurs after a storm surge? Saltwater floods fields and groves killing crops.
Why was it necessary for Hernando de Soto to be buried in this manner? to maintain Native American submission without conflict
Which two common characteristics define a region? climate and landforms
What are the five cultural regions of Louisiana? Cajun Country, Crossroads, Plantation Country, Greater New Orleans, and Sportsman’s Paradise
Which explains why agriculture has become an important part of Louisiana’s economy? The subtropical climate provides farmers with a long growing season.
What is the largest natural lake in Louisiana? Lake Pontchartrain
What is one factor that has led to significant land loss in the Marsh region? coastal erosion
What is the meaning of the words, Mardi Gras? Fat Tuesday
Which is true about location’s effect on culture? Hunting and fishing are part of the culture in northern Louisiana due to the forest and lakes present there.
What is culture? way of life
What are the agricultural benefits of alluvial soil? It is fertile, produces abundant vegetation, and is well suited for growing crops.
Why did Paleo Indians migrate to North America from Asia? They were following the animals they hunted.
What is the urban center of the Crossroads Region? Alexandria-Pineville
Which is the best resource for learning about the daily lives of prehistoric Native American tribes? pottery fragments
Why are man-made levees needed for adequate flood control? Natural levees are only 10-15 feet high and cannot keep a river from flooding.
What term is used to describe the water in the Salt Marsh area? brackish
How did the arrival of European settlers affect the Native American population in Louisiana? Native American populations decreased after European settlement.
What is the difference between the ethnic groups, Hispanic and Latino? migration to the United States
What is the largest urban area in Sportsman’s Paradise? Shreveport-Bossier City
Which explains why American settlement of the Red River valley was delayed? The river was blocked in places and difficult to navigate.
What conclusion can be drawn about the cultural shift to permanent settlements by the end of the Late Neo Indian period? New technologies complimented Louisiana’s rich natural and biological resources eliminating the need to move frequently.
Explain the difference between absolute location and relative location. Absolute location refers to a specific spot on planet Earth. Relative location explains where a place is in relation to another place or places.
What is the difference between weather and climate? Weather measures the current condition of the atmosphere on any given day. Climate is the average weather of an area over a long period of time.
What is the difference between alluvial soil and loess soil? Alluvial soil is made up of sediment carried by a river and deposited along the banks. It is fertile, produces plentiful natural plant life, and is well suited for growing food. Loess Soil is windblown dust that builts up and forms a ridge of bluffs as it
Why would archaeologists be more likely to find artifacts from the Meso Era than the Paleo Era? People in the Meso Era were less nomadic and, thus, left more artifacts to be found. Often they were left in middens, ancient garbage dumps. They also left behind large mounds, some of which date to 3000 BC. People in the Meso era also left behind more po
Describe Mardi Gras, the state’s largest festival, to someone who knows nothing about Louisiana. Mardi Gras is a festival that is mostly celebrated in Louisiana. Huge floats go down the road throwing out beads, stuffed animals ,candy, and cups. Family’s BBQ and have a great time.
Describe the major difference in diet between the Early and Late Neo Eras. The people of the Early Neo Era ate wild fruits (like grapes) and wild grains (like amaranth). They also hunted deer and birds and ate fish, shellfish, and oysters .The Late Neo people switched from gathering to agriculture. Their main crops were maize (c
How has the alluvial soil along the Mississippi Floodplain helped shape Louisiana’s culture and economy? The alluvial soil is made up of sediment carried by a river and deposited along its banks. It is fertile, produces plentiful natural plant life, and is also well suited for growing food. It has helped Louisiana be able to export many agricultural products
Created by: cayla.jolie



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