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Chapter 4

Progressivism

QuestionAnswer
How did progressivism grow? The working and middle classes had a desire to act out for the betterment of today's society.
What was the focus of progressivism? The state and federal government brought about reforms like corruption, decent housing condition, helping of the poor, and improving working conditions.
Who were the muckrakers? Writers and journalists who helped uncover bad conditions and corruption in the nation.
What did the 19th amendment do? It stated that the right to vote would not be denied due to sex, was ratified in 1919.
Which women's suffrage groups helped ratify the 19th amendment? Mainly the National American Women's Suffrage Association and the National Woman's Party.
Who fought against women's right to vote? National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage and those people who did not want anything to change in society.
How did social reforms effect the Progressive Era? The Social Gospel, settlement houses, helping children, muckrakers, and industrial movements.
How did racism limit the goals of progressivism? People agreed with "scientific" theories that said dark skinned people has less intelligence than whites.
How did African American's fight back? Many believed in the Niagara Movement which denounced the idea of gradual progress, and they lead riots, The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and the Urban League.
What did the Anti-Defamation League aid in? In 1913 the league was formed in response to growing anti-Semitism. It's goal is to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks.
How did Mexican Americans organize? They formed mutualistas, groups that made loans and provided legal assistance, in several states due to the Partido Liberal Mexicano.
What Native American society was organized in 1911? The Society of American Indians protested federal Indian policies and urged Native Americans to preserve their cultures.
How were Asian Americans treated during the progressive era? They were not allowed to own land unless it was under their children (who were born in America) names.
What did President Roosevelt's Square Deal do for the U.S.? It kept the wealthy from taking advantage of smaller businesses and the poor. He took on the railroad industry and brought the FDA about.
Who created the New Freedom and what was it? President Woodrow Wilson created it. The program placed government controls on corporations in order to benefit small businesses.
What was President Roosevelt's diplomacy style? He believed that small business should have a say, that the government should have the authority to set and limit shipping costs, and federal agents should have a right to inspect any meat sold across state lines.
What differed between Roosevelt and Taft? Taft didn't lower taxes as much as he should have, passed and act for the government to control telephone and telegraph rates, and dropped Roosevelt's distinction between good trusts and bad trusts.
What were some major impacts of Wilson being president? Congress lowered tariffs and raised taxes, national banks were under the control of a Federal Reserve Board, he set up the Federal Trade Commision (monitored business practices that might lead to a monopoly), and helped protect major worker laws.
Created by: ingramau