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Pilgrims & Puritans

The Pilgrims and Puritans

Puritans people who wanted to purify the Church of England
Separatists people who wanted to separate from the Church of England
"strangers" passengers on the Mayflower who were not Separatists
common house a house the people lived in together until their homes could be built
palisade a fence built for protection
William Brewster fixed the broken beam on the Mayflower using the screw from his printing press
Mayflower Compact an agreement signed on the Mayflower which stated that town meetings would be held each year so that the people could vote of decisions for the town and elect a Governor
Samoset an English speaking Algonquin Indian; the first Indian the Pilgrims met
Massasoit Chief of the Wampanoag Tribe
Patuxet Squanto's tribe that died from a disease. (It was their land that the Pilgrims settled on.)
Holland the first place the Pilgrims went for religious freedom when they left England
Church of England England's national church, run by the house of Bishops
pilgrim someone who takes a journey for religious reasons
John Howland fell overboard on the Mayflower and almost died
democracy type of government run by the people who elect their own leaders
Anne Hutchinson a colonist forced to leave the Massachuetts Bay Colony because she believed that the Holy Spirit spoke only to her
Massachusetts Bay Colony a colony set up by the Puritans
Squanto Patuxet Indian that helped the Pilgrims learn how to hunt, fish, and grow corn
Cotton Mather a famous Puritan minister; wrote the book, "Magnalia", telling about some of God's miracles in the New World
Convenant Love a love that represent a vertical relationship with God and a horizontal relationship with one another
John Winthrop Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
What year did the Mayflower sail to America, and approximately how many people were on board the ship? 1620; approximately 100 people on board
3 reasons Plymouth was a good place to live 1. good harbor 2. clean streams 3. fields ready to be planted
What did the Pilgrims do when the drought came and how did God respond? They turned to God; prayed and fasted; humbled themselves. God sent 14 days of soft rain.
Explain the 5 kernels of corn. During the starving time each person was given only 5 kernels of corn to eat. In the following years at Thanksgiving, 5 kernels of corn were placed at each plate as a reminder of how God had provided for their needs.
How were the Jamestown settlers different from the Pilgrims? Pilgrims put their faith in God; were hard workers; came for religious reasons. Jamestown settlers did not rely on God; did not want to work; were more interested in finding gold.
excommunication to be kicked out of the church, cut off from all religious and social activities of the community
How did the Puritans deal with sin? They looked at the sin in their own hearts, and they looked at the sins of others. They felt that an individual's sin affected everyone.
Main reason the Puritans came to America. to build God's kingdom on earth and serve as an example to others of how a Godly community should be run
What was tithingman's job? to keep the people awake during the long church services
Why did the church services last so long? The Puritan people hungered for God's Word.
Two things that Puritans considered sacred Marriage and training children
Things the Puritans did for fun building homes, quilting, sewing, playing games, and spelling bees
Because farming was difficult in New England, what other jobs did the people do? fishing, whaling, building ships, and trading goods
Why was farming difficult in New England? The summers were too short and the soil was too rocky
What year did the Puritans come to American and what colony did they establish They came in 1630 and established the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Approximately how many Puritans came to America between 1630-1646? 20,000
Created by: pcsteacher
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