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Revolutionary Era

8th gd Revolutionary Era

Key Term & EventsDescriptions & Examples
American Revolution Colonial revolt against the British; 1776-1783
Articles of Confederation Created a loose confederation of states for newly independent colonies; many weaknesses
Battles at Lexington & Concord Marked the start of the American Revolution; “the shot heard round the world”
Battle of Saratoga British were defeated; marked the turning point in the war; the French entered into an alliance with colonists after this battle
Battle of Yorktown Last major battle of American Revolution; British surrendered; French help surround the British navy
Declaration of Independence Issued by Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776; listed colonial grievances; Thomas Jefferson primary author
French & Indian War War between France & Britain over control of the Ohio River Valley; British wanted to tax colonies to repay the war debts
Grievance A complaint of something wrong or a hardship suffered EX- The colonists hated the new taxes imposed by the King - Stamp Act
Intolerable Acts A series of laws placed on the colonies by King George III to punish them for their rebellious spirit
Mercantilism Economic system where trade is controlled to benefit the “Mother Country;” colonist expected to ship raw products at low prices to Britain
Revolution A fundamental change in power; a “turn around”
July, 4, 1776 The colonials declared their independence from Great Britain on this day.
Taxation without Representation In response to a series of taxes placed on the colonies; colonials protested - they had no representation or “voice” in Parliament
Treaty An agreement or between two or more countries in reference to peace, alliance or other international issues
Treaty of Paris 1783 Officially end the American Revolution; British recognized colonies’ independence; gave lands to Americans
Boycott To stop buying or using the goods or services of a certain company or country as a protest; Colonists boycotted British goods to protest against the King.
Patriot Colonists who rebelled against British control and wanted independence from England
Loyalist Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the British Crown during the American Revolutionary War "Red Coats"
Stamp Act Colonists must pay for the stamp of the King on all documents (cards, newspapers, ect)
Proclamation (Line) Act 1763, A law that prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
Militia Troops of voluntary citizen-soldiers; minutemen
Winter at Valley Forge Washington’s starving, poorly equipped troops trained here during freezing winter
Tarrif A tax, usually on imported goods
Created by: jennscott