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Federalism II Best

U.S. History

TermDefinition
Battle of New Orleans This military engagement was considered a useless slaughter because the U.S. and Britain declared peace several weeks earlier, but the forces did not know due to the commonly slow travel of information.
Marbury v. Madison a Supreme Court case that occurred when William Marbury sued James Madison for not delivering his judiciary appointment
cabinet The Departments of Treasury, War, State, and Office of the Attorney General, served as this Washington, meaning his group of advisers.
XYZ Affair French foreign minister Talleyrand sent three agents who demanded a bribe be paid to them by the diplomats President John Adams had sent to France to negotiate a treaty to stop attacks on American ships.
reason U.S. fought War of 1812 the impressment of American sailors and seizure of American ships
significance of Louisiana Purchase doubled size of U.S., and it gained control of Mississippi River and Port of New Orleans
reason U.S. purchased Louisiana Territory from France to gain control of the Mississippi River and the Port of New Orleans
judicial review the authority of the Supreme Court to declare laws or court cases constitutional or unconstitutional, first resulting from Marbury v. Madison
Judiciary Act of 1789 set up the Supreme Court and lower federal courts called for by the Constitution
Alien Act a law required all immigrants to register with the federal government and allowed the president to deport any non-citizen without a trial considered dangerous
Pinckney's Treaty 1.. Spain granted the U.S. navigation of the Mississippi. 2. The U.S. gained the right of deposit at New Orleans. 3. . Spain acknowledged the U.S.'s boundary at the 31st parallel and the Mississippi.
British violation of U.S. neutrality the impressment of sailors and seizing cargo carried from French territories by neutral ships.
Proclamation of Neutrality Statement by Washington declaring the U.S. would be friendly to both countries, and would prosecute and withhold protection to any U.S. citizen who tried to help either side.
Washington's Farewell Address Presidential speech why he was not seeking a third term, and gave advice on how the U.S. should conduct politics and foreign affairs.
Naturalization Act a law that extended residency requirements from 5 to 14 years for non-citizens to be eligible for citizenship
Sedition Act a law that made it a crime for the press to speak or publish anything false or malicious against the federal government or any of its officers
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions statements that denounced the Alien and Sedition Acts as unconstitutional
nullification refusal of a state to obey a Federal law
problems with Jay treaty 1. The treaty was more of a benefit to Britain than the U.S. 2. Britain made no promise of ceasing violation of U.S. neutrality, such as seizing U.S. ships and their cargo. 3. The U.S. agreed to the terms because it wanted to avoid going to war with Bri
Jay Treaty 1. Britain promised to evacuate their forts if the U.S. promised they could keep their profitable fur trade with their Native American allies. 2. U.S. ships were allowed into ports of the British Isles on the same terms as British ships in U.S. ports. 3
Bank of the United States -A place for the federal government to deposit tax receipts -Tax revenues and private deposits could be used for large loans to the government and businesses -It could issue paper money backed by gold and silver -It could fund industry
USS Chesapeake A U.S. warship was attacked when it refused to surrender the British naval vessel, the HMS Leopard.
excise tax first fee imposed on farmers to produce whiskey
Treaty of Ghent This agreement ended the War of 1812, and established the northeastern boundary between the U.S. and Canada.
James Madison was president during the war of 1812
Created by: ltrudeau