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Colonial Era

8th grade Colonial Era

TermDefinition
1607 Date first successful English settlement in North America was founded; Jamestown
Colonization Establishing new settlements in new lands – many times to extend power and claim territories
Economic Opportunity To improve your way of life with opportunities to earn more; many came to New World to escape poverty
exploration To search or travel for the purpose of discovering new lands
Fundamental Order of Connecticut Established self government; basis of Connecticut government 1st written constitution
God, gold & glory Motivation for exploration in the new world
Jamestown First successful English settlement in North America; founded in 1607
Mayflower Compact Governing document of Plymouth Colony; determined a system of self-government
Pilgrims Early settlers of Plymouth Colony; came to new world seeking religious freedom
Religious freedom Motive for many settlers to come to new world; ability to worship as you choose
Representative government The powers of government are delegated to elected representatives
Social mobility The ability to move from one social class to another
Free enterprise Individuals free to produce, sell,& buy whatever they can afford; prices set by supply & demand
Mercantilism Economic system- controlled trade benefits the “Mother Country”; colonists expected to sell their raw products to Britain at low prices
Thirteen Colonies The original settlements colonized on the East Coast; rebelled against British authority
Virginia House of Burgesses First elected representative assembly in the colonies
Plantation Slaves are used as the major labor source. Southern plantations often grew tobacco and cotton.
Created by: jennscott