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Chapter 2

Civil War

What happened during the Civil War? Slavery split the nation into the North and South
What were the North's benefits and disadvantages? Benefits: manufacturing and production of war supplies were made here, and an extensive railroad system Disadvantages: a smaller not as strong military
What were the South's benefits and disadvantages of war? Benefit: more committed military, stronger military leaders Disadvantage: lacking in supplies and production
What was the Emancipation Proclamation? President Lincoln proclaimed African Americans "free" but it did not apply to loyal slave states of Southern territories under Union control.
Did the Emancipation Proclamation end slavery? It did not end slavery, it just gave hope to those freed and eventually led to the abolition of slavery because it freed slaves that were already living in the Union.
Who were the Radical Republicans? Congressmen who argued that southerners caused the war, they favored punishment and harsh recognition
What did Radical Republicans do? Split the South into 5 military districts under the command of Union generals, advocated full citizens rights for African Americans, and wanted states' authority to be subordinated by federal power
What were the goals of the Freedmen's Bureau? To aid freed slaves, relieve the South's immediate needs, develop public schools for African Americans, reunite families, and negotiate fair labor contracts.
When did the Battle of Gettysburg happen? July of 1863, the Union took on Robert E. Lee
What happened during the Battle of Gettysburg? 1/3 of Lee's forces were destroyed, last major attempt by the Confederate to take on the North.
What was the Gettysburg Address? A speech of President Lincoln's where he dedicated a cemetery at Gettysburg and reaffirmed the ideas for the Union fighting.
What did the 13th Amendment do? Ended slavery in 1865 under Johnson's plan
What did the 14th Amendment do? Guaranteed full citizenship status and rights to every person born in the US, including African Americans, ratified in 1868.
What did the 15th Amendment do? Guaranteed that no male citizen could be denied that right to vote on basis of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude" ratified in 1870.
What was an effect of Radical Reconstruction? Southern African Americans slowly lost the right to vote, legal separation of races became law in southern states, African American leaders lost spots in government.
What is de jure segregation? The legal separation of all races becoming law in southern states.
What are some ways the power of African Americans was damaged? Political scandals in the Grant administration, in 1871 troops were withdrawn from southern states, in 1872 Congress dissolved the Freedmen's Bureau.
Created by: ingramau