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Social Studies Exam

QuestionAnswer
Chronological Order of Roanoke, Georgia, Pennsylvania, Jamestown, and Plymouth. Roanoke, Jamestown, Plymouth, Pennsylvania, Georgia
When was the Declaration of Independence written? 1776
Significance of Lexington and Concord? Beginning of the revolution.
Significance of the Treaty of Paris, 1763? Spain gets all land west of the Mississippi River and New Orleans, and England gets the land east of the Mississippi, except New Orleans.
What did the Land and Northwest Ordinance do? Made America grow in an orderly fashion.
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. Couldn't tax, there was no president, and needed the states to approve changes made. There was also no army for defense.
Which battle made the turning point in the french and indian war, that also led to the fall of New France? Battle Of Quebec
Why were Native Americans mad at the British after the French/Indian war? The french were good trading partners with the Indians, the british was moving onto their land, and they're not really as nice as the French.
Why did European people want to explore America? Mainly for the wealth, goods, national pride, fame/fortune, cheaper trade routes, and curiosity.
What did John Wite do? Founded Roanoke.
First successful English colony in america Jamestown in 1607
Significance of Virginia House of Burgesses? It made a tradiation of representative government
Which Enlightment person was associated with the "freedom of speech?" Voltaire
What is Montesquieu most known for relating to government? The separation of powers
What did the following Enlightenment contributors do: Galileo, Franklin, Newton, Locke: Galileo-study of the universe and surrounding stars. Frankling - the bifocal things and lightening rod. Newton- Gravity laws. Locke- life liberty, property (natural rights)
Significance of 1620: pilgrams established plymouth
Great Migration: When Puritans from England during the 1600s went to other places around the world, mostly to America, to have freedom of religion.
Where did the Pilgrims WANT to make their colony? Virginia mainly, but they got blown off course. It put them outside their charter contract so they wrote the mayflower compact.
Purposes in founding Jamestown and Plymouth? Jamestown: for economic reasons (joint stock company) Plymouth: religious freedom
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut and Mayflower Compact significance: Both used to put in writing a set of laws to govern the colonies
Mercantilism A colony exists for the benefit of the mother country. The Brititsh colonies existed to provide England with raw materials and buy finished products from England
Why is religion considered a social reason that people came to America? People gather together in order to practice religion and often form social groups as an offshoot from their church.
Name the New England colonies. Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hamshire
Name the Middle colonies. New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware
Name the Southern colonies Maryland, Virginia, the Carolinas, Georgia
What types of economic activity took place in the New England colonies? fishing, whaling, ship building, subsistence farming
What types of economic activity took place in the Middle colonies? cash crops such as wheat, ship building; indentured servants were a source of labor
What types of economic activity took place in the Southern colonies? The southern economy was based almost entirely on cash crops grown on plantations and eventually those were dependent on slave labor. The crops were tobacco, indigo, and rice.
Which two colonies were founded primarily for religious reasons? Maryland and Massachusetts
What were William Penn's beliefs with relationship to the Quaker traditions? Penn and the Quakers believed in non-violence, equality (relatively speaking) between men, women, people of different races, and religious tolerance. The Quakers were among the first to speak out against slavery.
What terms were included in the Navigation Acts? shipping done in English ships, or ships built in English colonies; raw materials only sold to England; anything imported from a country other than England had to pass through England first and be taxed; any goods not shipped to England had to be taxed
What effect did the Enlightenment have on the English colonies? They experienced an increase in scientific achievements
Name some important Enlightenment figures. Newton, Locke, Galileo, Montesquieu, Franklin
What important right was established in the Zenger trial? freedom of the press
How did the Magna Carta, the Glorious Revolution and the English Bill of Rights all affect colonial America? they all contributed to the growth of the expectation of representative government in the colonies.
What were the causes of the French and Indian War? There was competition for fur trade in the Ohio River Valley between the French and English. There was westward expansion by the English into the Ohio River Valley and the French were determined to halt it.
What was the Proclamation of 1763? The King did not want colonists to cross the Appalachian Mountains because he did not want to have to protect them from Native American attacks.
Define salutary neglect. During the early 1700's England passed many laws concerning the colonies, but didn't do much to enforce them.
Define Parliament. England's law-making body.
Put these events into chronological order: Intolerable Acts, Boston Tea Party, First Continental Congress, Proclamation of 1763, Sugar Act Proclamation of 1763, Sugar Act, Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts, First Continental Congress
What was the most important reason that colonists objected to the taxation from England? They had no representation in Parliament. "Taxation without representation."
Define Townshend Acts. Tax on imported goods such as paper, lead, glass, paint, and tea
What happened at the Boston Massacre. On March 5, 1770, dockworkers began to mob some British soldiers. The soldiers fired on the unarmed men and killed five unarmed civilians.
How was Common Sense important to the American Revolution? On March 5, 1770, dockworkers began to mob some British soldiers. The soldiers fired on the unarmed men and killed five unarmed civilians.
Why did fighting break out at Lexington and Concord in April of 1775? They were trying to find rebel guns and ammunition, and hopefully, a rebel leader or two.
Where do people get unalienable rights? People are born with unalienable rights. Government doesn't give people the rights and so the government cannot take them away.
Define the word grievance. It means complaint. or to complain to someone
Which battles marked the beginning of the Revolution? Lexington and Concord
What were British advantages during the American Revolution? better trained soldiers, more soldiers, more money, best navy in the world, 1/3 of the colonists were loyal to the King,
What were American advantages during the American Revolution? better leaders, British had a large territory to control, knowledge of the land, fighting for a just cause
Put these events into the correct chronological order: Yorktown, Winter at Valley Forge, Trenton and Princeton, Lexinton and Concord, Saratoga Lexington and Concord, Trenton and Princeton, Saratoga, Valley Forge, Yorktown
What was Thomas Paine trying to accomplish when he wrote "The Crisis"? He was trying to encourage people to remain loyal to the Revolution. Washington read it to his men at Valley Forge in order to inspire them.
Who was Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army? George Washington
What was the significance of the Battle of Saratoga? it caused the French to openly support the Revolution; Benedict Arnold turned traitor after this; it is considered to be the turning point of the Revolution; caused Spain to move against the British in Mobile
How was John Paul Jones important during the Revolution? He was a naval hero who defeated the British warship Serapis; "I have not yet begun to fight."
How was Lafayette important during the Revolution? he was a nobleman from France who volunteered to serve in the Continental Army
What is the significance of the Battle of Yorktown? Cornwallis was attacked by Washington from the land and DeGrasse by sea. He surrendered and it is considered the last battle of the Revolution.
What is the name of the treaty that gave the United States independence? Treaty of Paris, 1783
What were the forces that drove the delegates to write a new Constitution? Shays' Rebellion and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
what was the importance of the Land Ordinance and the Northwest Ordinance? They allowed America to expand and incorporate new territories in an orderly manner.
What was the primary reason that the delegates went to the Continental Convention in 1787? Their original purpose was just to strengthen the current government, NOT to write a new Constitution.
What were the roles of these people at the Constitutional Convention: Washington, Madison, Franklin Washington - president of the Convention; Madison - wrote the Constitution; Franklin - got the delegates to work together
Describe what happened at Shays' Rebellion? Debt-ridden farmers were being taxed at a rate they could not pay. They asked for relief from the government which refused. They stormed an armory and were put down by the militia, but the national government had no army to call out.
What was the Virginia Plan? create a strong central government with a two-house legislature and voting based on population
What was the New Jersey Plan? Revise the Articles of Confederation but keep one house legislature and each state gets one vote
Describe the 3/5 Compromise. It was a compromise to count 3/5 of the slave population for representation and taxation.
What was the name of the compromise that brought the New Jersey Plan and Virginia Plan together? Great Compromise
Who were important Federalists? Madison, Hamilton. They believed in a strong central government. Believed the Constitution would be successful because it was based on federalism.
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution? Madison, Hamilton. They believed in a strong central government. Believed the Constitution would be successful because it was based on federalism.
Which amendment contains the five freedoms: assembly, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of the press, right to petition first amendment
What are some important powers of the executive branch? make treaties; appoint judges; commander-in-chief of the military
What are some important powers of the legislative branch? introduce laws; impeach the president; declare war; approve treaties and presidential appointments
What are some important powers of the judicial branch? declare executive acts unconstitutional; declare laws unconstitutional; settle disputes between states
What are voting requirements in the United States in 2015? you must be a citizen, you must be 18, you cannot be a felon
How is the Constitution changed? an amendment is passed by the House and Senate, and then voted on by each state
Which colony is referred to as the "Lost Colony"? Roanoke
How were Jamestown and Plymouth similar? They were both originally supposed to settle in Virginia.
What do Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, and Maryland have in common? They were all founded for religious reasons.
Why did the New England colonies rely so heavily on trade? Their natural resources and climate did not support large-scale agriculture.
Define mercantilism. Colonies supply the mother country with raw materials and buy finished goods only from the mother country
How did geography influence the economic development of cities like New York and Boston? Natural harbors made the good port cities and so they became trading centers.
What were some of the most important reasons for European exploration of the Americas? wealth, fame and fortune, faster, cheaper trade routes, religious freedom, foreign goods, national pride, curiosity
Created by: j0501750