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4A Constitution

Language of the Constitution

TermDefinition
Limited Government Government can only do the things the constitution says it can do
Individual Rights People have rights that come from God; these cannot be taken away by a government
Popular Sovereignty The people direct their government by voting, protesting and petitioning their elected representatives.
Separation of Powers Three branches of government share power
Three branches Legislative, Executive, Judicial
Legislative Branch Congress
Executive Branch President
Judicial Branch Supreme Court
Checks and Balances Two or more branches of government must work together to get something done
Federalism Dividing power between a national government and the states
Republicanism Using elected representatives to govern
Bill of Rights First ten amendments to the constitution
Social Contract The people must respect their government only when it treats them fairly; the people have a duty to replace a tyrant
Divine Right of Kings A king gets his power from God. For this reason, the people must obey the orders of a king