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Mid-Term Vocab

TermDefinition
Prime meridian line of the global grid running from the North Pole to the South Pole at Greenwich, England; used as the starting point for measuring degrees of east and west longitude.
Latitude distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees and minutes; “latitude flatitude”
Longitude location east and west of the Prime Meridian measured by imaginary lines numbered in degrees.
Physical Features characteristics of a place occurring naturally, such as a landform, body of water, climate pattern or resource.
Physical Map show natural features, such as rivers and mountains.
Political Maps show places that people have created, such as cities or the boundaries of states and nations.
Special Purpose Map who information on specific topics such as land use, climate, or vegetation; human activities also appear such as exploration, westward movement or battle sights.
Elevation Height of land above sea level
Climate variation in temperature over long periods of time and regions.
Timberline line or altitude above which no trees grow.
Civilized well organized and socially developed.
Colony a new settlement or territory established and governed by a country in another land.
Columbain Exchange -the exchange of plants, animals, disease, and people across the Atlantic Ocean between Europe and the Americas.
Cultural Region an area in which a group of people share a similar culture and language.
Conquistadors Spanish soldiers-explorers, especially those who conquered the native peoples of Mexico and Peru.
Matrilineal people traced their ancestry through their mothers, not their fathers.
Indigenous originating in and characteristic of a particular region or country; native peoples.
Paleo-Indians term given to the first people to entered and inhabited the Americas
Middle Ages the period of European history between the fall of the Roman Empire and the Renaissance; roughly 500-1500 a.d.
Feudal System a peasant or worker received a piece of land in return for serving a lord or king, especially during times of war
Crusades a medieval military expedition made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land during the 11th-13thcenturies.
Renaissance a revival of classical art, architecture, literature and learning during the 14th-16th centuries
Age of Exploration 1400-1500s; sea captains and explorers from many different European countries sailed the oceans and mapped the world more accurately than ever before.
Navigation the process or activity of accurately plotting or directing one’s position and planning and following a route.
Cape of Good Hope Named by Portugal; southern tip of Africa to represent hope of reaching India by sailing around Africa.
Jamestown settlement in the Virginia settled in 1607; the first permanent English settlement in the Americas.
Lost Colony Established on Roanoke Island founded by Queen Elizabeth I as the first attempt at a permanent English colony; disappeared within three years.
Citizenship having the right to live, work, vote and pay taxes in the country you live.
The Constitution Created 1787; embodies the fundamental laws and principles by which the United States is governed
The Bill of Rights The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship.
Federal System system of government that divides powers between the states and the federal government.
Impeach to bring charges of serious crimes against the President; cases are tried in the Senate
Veto to cancel; President can veto laws Congress has passed.
Executive Orders Commands of the President having the power of law.
Due Process The law must be fairly applied by the government for punishment
Double Jeopardy a person cannot be tried again for the same crime.
Eminent Domain The power to take personal property to benefit the public.
Political Action Committees (PACs); groups that collect money for candidates who support certain issues.
Interest Groups groups of people that share a common interest that motivates them to take political action
General Election term referencing the presidential election; held at regular intervals in which candidates are elected in all or most constituencies of a nation or state.
Partisan a strong supporter of a party, cause or person
Mercantilism an economic policy in which nations tried to gain wealth by controlling trade and establishing colonies.
Cash Crop a crop raised in large quantities and sold for profit; such as tobacco, sugar, and cotton
Parliament the lawmaking body of England, consisting of representatives from through out the kingdom
Great Awakening the lawmaking body of England, consisting of representatives from through out the kingdom
Created by: talkive_4200