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First semester exam

QuestionAnswer
Magellan A Portugal explorer but sailed for Spain all around the world, but before reaching home he died on the voage
Columbus Is a spanish explorer who was the first to find America while trying to find a new route to India and China.
De Gamma A Portugal explorer who found a new passage to India. He followed Dias explore.
Cortes With in 2 years he had conquered Aztec,whuch had great wealth.
Cabot This Guy was a Italian who was to discover a Northwest Passage to Asia
Vespucci He had sailed and explored the Americas for both Spain and Potugual
Starving time in Jamestown This was when it was the first winter for the new coming cisterns to America and where starved to death because of lack food or died from desiase.
Columbia Exchange This was the three way trade of America,Europe, and Africa of finches products, raw materials, slaves, and crops, even weponons
Cash Crops These were goods that were worth a lot of money and some of these crops are rice, sugarcane, and others
Indentured Servent Agreeing to work without pay for a certain length of time to pay for their passage to America.
The two physical features that separate the USA from the world Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
Compass rose A picture showing North, West,South,East directions on a map
Scale A Mesruing tool used to make maps
Legend or key Used to unlock a map, It gives you the information needed for the map to make sense. Maps often use symbols or colors to represent things, and the map key explains what they mean.
Appalachian Mountains a mountain range in E North America,
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Written to set up Connecticut Government Policy.
Mayflower Compact An agreement reached by the Pilgrims on the ship the Mayflower in 1620
Intolerable Acts These laws were meant to punish the colonists for resisting British authority. One Coercive Act applied to all the colonies. It forced the colonies to let British soldiers live among the colonists. Massachusetts, though, received the harshest treatment.
William Bradford an English Separatist originally from the West Riding of Yorkshire, who later moved to Leiden in Holland, and then in 1620 migrated to the Plymouth Colony on the Mayflower.
John Smith John Smith, Admiral of New England, was an English soldier, explorer, and author. He was knighted for his services to Sigismund Bathory,
Representative government This type of government allows the people to elect the people to have the power of the government.
Great migration This was a time were many people moved to the Americas from Europe and Asia.
Quartering Act This act allowed spiders to live in the colonists homes during the French and Indian war.
Stamp Act This law taxed almost all printed materials. Newspapers, wills, and even playing cards needed a stamp to show that the tax had been paid.
Townsend Act to tax imports such as glass, tea, and paper. The tax was paid when the goods arrived—before they were brought inside the colonies.
Sugar Act which lowered the tax on the molasses the colonists imported.The act also allowed officers to seize goods from accused smugglers without going to court.
Tea Act It gave the British East India Company nearly total control of the market for tea in the colonies. The Tea Act also removed some—but not all—of the taxes on tea, making it less expensive for colonists.
Navigation Acts These laws forced colonists to sell their raw materials to England even if they could get a better price elsewhere Goods bought by the colonies from other countries in Europe had to go to England be taxed All trade goods had to be carried England ships
Founding of Pennsylvania Pennsylvania was the first to be found and was founded for wealth of Britain.
Founding of New York New York was founded by Netherlands and was used for shipping to Europe and other parts of the world.
Founding of Georgia Georgia was founded for those who had little money or owed debts that could not be paid, The British reason was to have protection from Spain attacks.
Thomas Paine Paine arrived in the colonies from England in 1774. He soon caught the revolutionary spirit. In January 1776, he published a pamphlet called Common Sense. In bold language, Paine called for a complete break with British rule.
Enlightenment By the middle of the 1700s, many educated colonists were also influenced by the Enlightenment. This movement, which began in Europe, spread the idea that knowledge, reason, and science could improve society.
Great Awakening Religion had a strong influence in colonial life. In the 1730s and 1740s, a religious revival called the First Great Awakening swept through the colonies.
Proclamation of 1763 and why it upset the colonists so much his order prohibited, or barred, colonists from living west of the Appalachian Mountains, on Native American land. The colonists feared that would interfere with their liberties, and they resented the restriction on settling western land.
Boston Massacre After one soldier was knocked down, the nervous redcoats did fire. They killed five colonists.
Boston Tea Party At midnight on December 16, colonists dressed as Native Americans boarded the ships and threw 342 chests of tea overboard.
“Taxation without representation” Since the colonies lacked representation in Parliament, many colonists considered it unjust for Parliament to tax the colonies.
Key grievances against King George III These include "cutting off our trade with all parts of the world" and "imposing taxes on us without our consent." Americans had "Petitioned for Redress" of these grievances. The British had ignored or rejected these petitions.
George Washington Washington was an experienced soldier and a respected Southern planter. He left Philadelphia at once to take charge of the forces in Boston.
Benedict Arnold A captain in the Connecticut militia and later became a traitor to the Patriot cause. He sold military information to the British.
Patrick Henry Patrick Henry was an American attorney, planter and politician who became known as an orator during the movement for independence in Virginia.
Reasons why the Americans won the Revolutionary War (advantages) The American had more of a reason to fight, knew the land, and had some allies to help, they also had a a great leader.
Advantages of the British in the Revolutionary War The British had more money, soldiers, and had better supplies.
Battle of Lexington and Concord (and the date) At dawn, the redcoats approached Lexington. There they ran into about 70 waiting minutemen. The British continued on to Concord. In a short battle, the British took heavy losses. Date:April,1775
Battle of Saratoga (and the date) His surrender to American forces at the Battle of Saratoga marked a turning point in the Revolutionary War. The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point of the Revolutionary War. September 19, 1777 – October 7, 1777
Battle of Yorktown (and the date) was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British ArmySeptember 28, 1781 – October 19, 1781
Winter at Valley Forge (and the date) Though he had hoped to provide his weary men with more nutritious food and badly needed winter clothing, Congress had been unable to provide money for fresh supplies.December 19, 1777–June 18, 1778
Treaty of Paris 1763 This Treaty settled the dispute between France and Britain, it also ended the French and Indian War.
Treaty of Paris 1783 This Treaty Ended the Revolutionary war between Britain and the 13 colonies.
Strategy This means a plan war to some how defeat the enemy.
Marquis de Lafayette Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, in the U.S. often known simply as Lafayette, was a French aristocrat and military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War.
Baron von Steuben Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand Steuben, also referred to as the Baron von Steuben, was a Prussian and American military officer.
Bernardo de Galvez Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid, Viscount of Galveston and Count of Gálvez was a Spanish military leader and colonial administrator who served as colonial governor of Louisiana and Cuba, and later as Viceroy of New Spain.
Northwest Ordinance This Ordinance set up stages to become a sate from a territory.
Land Ordinance This Ordinance divided up the land in the Northwest Terrritroy.
Northwest Territory This territory has Michigan, Iowa and some others that yet to be a state
Magna Carta A English docement that restricts the power of the govermnet.
Thomas Jefferson homas Jefferson, only 32, was also a delegate. He served in the Virginia legislature. Jefferson was already known as a brilliant thinker and writer.
James Madison James Madison Jr. was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States from 1809 to 1817.
John Adams John Adams was an American patriot who served as the second President of the United States and the first Vice President. He was a lawyer, diplomat, and statesman, and, as a Founding Father, a leader of American independence from Great Britain.
Federalism This is the sharing of power between State and Federal goverments.
Constitutional Convention (including the location) delegates from five states called for a Constitutional Convention in order to discuss possible improvements to the Articles of Confederation.Philadelphia
Individual rights These are rights every citizen of America has.
Popular Sovereignty Where the people rule the government.
Republicanism is a political ideology in opposition to monarchy and tyranny. Republicans hold that a political system must be founded upon the rule of law, the rights of individuals, and the sovereignty of the people.
Separation of Powers Where the powers of a strong national governments power is divided into multiple branches.
Minuteman fought within a minutes notice.
Loyalist A person who supported Britain in the war against Britain
Writs of Assistance These documents allowed the officers to search almost anywhere—shops, warehouses, and even private homes—for smuggled goods.
Tariffs tax or duty to be paid on a particular class of imports or exports.
Unalienable Rights Rights that can't be taken away.
States’ Rights the rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
Requirements to vote in the USA Most of the states have changed or eliminated their durational residency requirements to comply with the ruling, as shown.
Magna Carta (Date) June 15, 1215.
English Bill of Rights (Date) 1689
Jamestown Established (Date) May 14, 1607
Plymouth Established (Date) 1620
Starving Time in Jamestown (Date) May 13, 1607
French and Indian War (Date) 1754 – 1763
Declaration of Independence (Date) July 4, 1776.
Articles of Confederation (Date) March 1, 1781
US Constitution written (Date) September 17, 1787
What were the key crops and economics for the various regions of the 13 colonies? Indigo,Tar from pine trees, tobacco, pitch, and rice
What were strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? Strengths were that the article made the Ordinances and weakness are could not tax and many more.
Compare and contrast the Virginia and New Jersey plans One favored 1 house and small states and the other one favored two houses and large states.
Key people and views of Federalists and Anti-Federalists Federalists wanted strong national government and Anti-Federalists wanted weak national government.
Key aspects of the first 19 Amendments Protected the civilians rights and the first 10 were known as the Bill of rights.
Created by: Varunv