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HIST 11 FINAL 2016

Mr. Stickler's HIST 11 1st Semester Final Flashcards 2016

What did the Pacific Railway Act do/provide for? That a railway system be built that connected eastern and western states.
How did the settlement of the west help to accelerate industrial growth in the late 1800's? There was an abundance of natural resources in the west that could be used to build houses & industry. We didn't have to buy these resources since we already had them!
What happened during the Homestead Strike of 1892? The owner of the steel mill there proposed a 20% pay cut to employees, then he locked them out of the mill. Detectives from Pinkerton Security had to protect strike breakers from striking workers.
Explain what happened during the Haymarket Riots of 1886. 3,000 people gathered in Haymarket Square to hear speeches as the meeting was ending, someone threw a bomb into the crowd, killing 1 police officer & wounding others; workers shot back & 100 people were injured.
List the two (2) parts of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 that we learned about in class. 1.) Chinese were barred from immigrating to the U.S. for 10 years; 2.) It prevented the Chinese who were already in the U.S. from becoming citizens.
What was the Mayflower Compact? The first set of laws written in North America.
What is a proprietary colony? A colony owned by an individual who could run it any way they wanted - appointing officials, coining money, imposing taxes, and raising an army. (Pg. 11)
What does the term "popular sovereignty" mean? "Rule by the people." (Pg. 37)
What was the "Triangular Trade"? The exchange of goods among the 13 Colonies, England, and Africa. (Pg. 16)
What were two (2) of the main weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? 1.) Congress did not have the power to levy taxes; 2.) Congress could not regulate trade between the states. (Pg. 35)
What was the "emancipation proclamation"? It was a document, written by President Abraham Lincoln, that freed all of the slaves that were in "states that (were) in rebellion" after Jan. 1, 1863.
What states were not addressed by the "emancipation proclamation"? States that the "emancipation proclamation" did not address were border states. These were slave states that did not secede from the Union: Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, & Missouri.
List two (2) things that Radical Republicans wanted in government. 1. Wanted the Republican party to be the dominant party of the South; 2. Prevent the leaders from the Confederacy from returning to power. (Pg. 140)
What did the 14th Amendment call for? 1. granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the U.S.; 2. Declared that no state could deprive a person of "life, liberty, or property without due process of the law"; 3.States can't deny any person "equal protection of the laws".
What were the AFL's 3 main goals? 1. Convince companies to recognize unions; 2. Push for closed shops; 3. Promotion of an 8 - hour work day.
What is a "holding company"? "Holding companies that do not produce anything itself. Instead, it owns the stock of companies that do produce goods."
What is a "vertically integrated" company? They own all of the different businesses on which it depends for its operation. (Instead of paying other companies for them.)
What is "horizontal integration" where companies are concerned? "Combining firms in the same business into one large corporation."
According to the video we watched in class, why were time zones created? To help U.S. businesses by standardizing time. This helped businesses communicate about shipments of goods and agree on terms of delivery for them.
Created by: sticklerpjpII
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