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3rd 6 Weeks Test

SubjectStatement
Quartering Act Colonists must provide housing and supplies for British Soldiers.
Unalienable Rights Rights that cannot be denied by any government.
Thomas Paine Wrote "The Crisis" to encourage the troops to keep fighting after several defeats.
Marquis de Lafayette Served in the Continental Army, volunteer from France, advisor to Washington.
Battle of Saratoga Burgoyne was defeated by Gates and Arnold, France and Spain began to openly support the Patriots after the battle.
Benedict Arnold Helped win Saratoga, then switched sides to the British.
Northwest Territory Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan.
Battle of Yorktown Cornwallis defeated by French Navy, final battle of the Revolution.
Treaty of Paris Ended the Revolution in 1783 between Britain and America, gave U.S. all land east of the Mississippi River.
U.S. Constitution Ratified 1788
Revolutionary War Occurred during the 1700's (18th Century).
Constitutional Convention Philadelphia, 1787.
Bill of Rights Ratified After the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.
Articles of Confederation Continental Congress approved first Constitution in 1777
Shay's Rebellion Rebellion by farmers over taxes, Massachusetts.
Jefferson's Comment on Shay's Rebellion "a little rebellion, now and then, is a good thing"
Land Ordinance of 1785 Divided up western lands into different townships.
Articles of Confederation Blueprint for new government, kept nation united during Revolution, was a failure and replaced by the Constitution, required all states to approve changes.
Northwest Ordinance Set a pattern of orderly growth for the United States by defining how states are added to the U.S..
What led to the U.S. Constitution? Weakness of Articles of Confederation, Shay's Rebellion, desire for a strong national government.
George Washington Refused to be made King, 1st President.
William Penn English Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania.
James Madison Considered the Father of the Constitution.
Benjamin Franklin Oldest Delegate in Constitutional Convention, "Peacemaker", from Pennsylvania.
Thomas Jefferson Primary author of Declaration of Independence.
Virginia Plan Proposed creating a strong central government with a two-house legislature, seats awarded by population, three branches of government.
New Jersey Plan Proposed revising the Articles of Confederation and keep the one-house legislature, one vote per state, three branches of government.
Unicameral One-House legislature, Articles of Confederation.
Bicameral Two-House legislature, U.S. Constitution.
Great Compromise Under the U.S. Constitution, the House of Representatives is based on population and the Senate is based on equal representation for each state.
3/5 Compromise How slaves would be counted in the Constitution.
Federalists Wanted a strong federal government, wrote a series of essays, James Madison.
The Federalist Papers A series of essays written by Federalists to convince people to support the Constitution.
Anti-Federalists Opposed the Constitution unless the Bill of Rights was added, wanted to limit Federal government.
Federalism Power is shared between the central government and the states.
Separation of Powers Government power is divided into 3 parts.
What would a Federalist say? 'This constitution makes it impossible for any person to take government control because of separation of powers.
Montesquieu Divide government power among separate branches.
1787 New Constitution is drafted.
Philadelphia Convention Constitution was written at this convention.
Bill of Rights Anti-Federalists required it to be added to the Constitution before they would ratify the Constitution.
Preamble Introduces the Constitution.
Magna Carta 1215
Declaration of Independence 1776
Checks and Balances Limits the power of a particular branch of government.
Republicanism People exercise their power by voting for political representatives.
Age to vote in the U.S. 18 years.
How to amend the Constitution? Amendment passed by the House and Senate, then voted on by each state.
Created by: Paoloweiss