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Study Guide Terms

Study Guide Terms and Ideas

TermDefinition
Manifest Destiny The belief that the United States had the inevitable right to expand its territory westward.
Monroe Doctrine A policy enforced by President Monroe in 1823 that urged Europe not to interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere in agreement that the U.S. would not interfere in European affairs.
President Lincoln’s thoughts on slavery President Lincoln opposed slavery and believed it to be immoral. He believed the only way to abolish it was through an amendment.
Lifestyle of the people flooding into the cities in the 1800s Many of those that flooded into the cities in the 1800's lived and worked in conditions that were unhealthy, unsanitary, and unsafe.
Homestead Act of 1862 An act that offered 160 acres of free land to any citizen who was the head of a household.
Declaration of Independence The document written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776 in which the American colonies declared their independence from Britain.
Mercantilism A system in which a nation increased it wealth and power by obtaining as much gold and silver as possible and establishing favorable trade.
Mayflower Compact The first document to establish a government, for the Pilgrims, when they arrived in America.
Progressive Movement The early 20th century movement that aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in American life.
Industrialization The process of changing a largely agricultural nation into one of markets and manufactured products.
Political Machines Organized groups that control the political party in a city and offer services in exchange for support.
Progressive Era A time of social and economic change in America that focused on bringing about progressive reforms.
Age of Enlightenment An intellectual movement in the 18th century in which people embraced reason and the scientific method as a way to obtain knowledge.
Fourteen Points The fourteen points of President Woodrow Wilson’s plan for world peace after World War I.
Great Compromise A solution created by Roger Sherman that helped determine the representation of large and small states in the upper and lower houses of Congress.
Common Sense A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1776 that encouraged the American colonists to declare their independence from Britain.
Muckrakers Magazine journalists who exposed the corruption of businesses and public life.
Civil War The war lasting from 1861 to 1865, between the Northern states of the Union and the Southern states of the Confederacy, over the issues of slavery and civil rights.
Reconstruction The period of rebuilding after the Civil War in which the Confederate States were readmitted into the Union.
Sugar Act A law enacted by Parliament in 1764 that lowered the tax on foreign-made molasses and other sugar products in an effort to stop smuggling in the British colonies.
Contributing factors to the American Revolution The Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Intolerable Acts, and the Second Continental Congress.
Created by: HayZ1999