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Early Man/Farming

Mazepa Social Studies test

What questions do historians ask? What happened? Who took part in events? When did it happen? How and why did it happen?
What is a primary source? records made by people who saw or took part in an event
What is a secondary sources? no direct link to an event written by someone who was not there at the time.
What is geography? Study the Earth's surface and the way people use it
What are the five themes of geography? Location (absolute and relative location) Place Human-Environmental Interactions Movement Regions
What do archeologist study? They locate and study artifacts left behind by people
What is an artifact? An artifact is anything made or modified by man
What does a paleoanthropologist study? They study the ancestors of modern people and carefully look at fossils or remains of once living things
Don Johanson discovered what ? 3.2 million year old hominid named Lucy.
What did Lucy prove? This fossil record proved that hominids walked upright long before they developed stone tools
Louis and Mary Leaky discovered what? 2.5 million year old fossil of Homo Habilis, Handy Man, which marks the time when tool making began.
Homo Erectus is believed to be first hominid to do what? Tame fire
Homo Sapiens nickname is what? wise humans
Homo Sapians origins began about 200,000 years ago where? North Eastern Africa
How did the development of taming of fire effect Homo Erectus? taming fire- protection, warmth, cooking, light, better tasting food that lasted longer
How did the development of tools effect Homo Erectus? Tools- hunting and gathering led to band and migrating
Methods used by archaeologists to date artifacts and fossils Trees, layering of dirt, Carbon 14 dating, Thermoluminesence, DNA
Trees date up to how many years? 2,000 years
Layering-how can you tell how old something is? How deep in the ground the item is
Carbon 14 dating 50,000 years -once living things ONLY
Thermoluminesence measures light given off particles trapped in the soil surrounding the object up to 200,000 years.
DNA once living things only-like a crime scene
Homo Sapians migrated from where? from Africa in small bands between 12,000-100,000 years ago to follow food sources needed. These people were hunter and gatherers
What is migration? Movement that happened during the Ice Age
How did they migrate? They believe migration across land bridges formed over current waterways made migration to North America, South America and Australia possible
What are glaciers? huge sheets of ice that covered significant parts of the Earth's surface during the ice age
What is culture? a way of life made up of beliefs, customs, language and arts
What is society? an organized group of people living and working under a set of rules and traditions.
What marked the end of the Paleolithic age and the beginning of the Mesolithic age? the change from hunting and gathering food to nomadic herding of animals marked this time
What are nomads? people who began with no settled, long-term home, who follow their sources of food
What age did people begin domesticating animals around 10,000 years ago? Mesolithic age
What marked the end of the Mesolithic age and began the Neolithic age? the change from gathering wild plants to domesticating crops (agriculture)
What is considered the most important revolutionary change for mankind? Domesticating plants and animals (farming)
What are the PROS of agriculture (farming)? Fewer people starved to death, longer lifespan, more organized society-increased numbers, settle in one place-didn't migrate, more people could be fed-steady food source, surplus of food, lived closer to one another, permanent homes, trade, created jobs
What are the CONS of agriculture (farming)? Disease spread, worked harder and longer, rapid change of diet, fighting over land, greed, timing-bad farming years
What areas were domesticated first? fertile areas with access to a dependable water supply
What is an Australopithecine? latin term meaning southern ape
What is a tundra? large treeless plain in the arctic region
How long ago did early people develop agriculture? 8,000 years ago
Cave painting as old as 30,000 years was limited to Europe- T/F False
Australophitecine characteristics plant eaters, scavengers did not hunt, small body (4-5 feet) limited use of tools-no fire
Homo Habilis characteristics means "handy person", stone tools found near Turkana Boy, taller, bigger brain, did not use fire
Homo Erectus characteristics used fire, used fire for the first time for cooking, warmth and protection, bigger brains than earlier hominids, no language
Homo Sapien characteristics wise humans, origin from East Africa, largest brain, many tools, communicated through language
What is a band? People traveled in groups
Created by: smazepa