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S1 Final- US History

US History In-Class Final Exam

Who was Christopher Columbus and what did he do? An Italian Explorer who landed in Cuba in 1492.
Who was Ferdinand Magellan and what did he do? A Portuguese explorer who was the first person to circumnavigate the earth.
Conquistador A Spanish adventurer
What are 2 reasons the Spanish were victorious over Native Americans? Better Weapons, Horses, and civil unrest amoungst the Native Americans
Toleration Recognition that other people have the right to different opinions
Proprietary Colony A colony created by a grant of land from a monarch to an individual or family.
Boarderlands Lands along the frontier
Presidios Spanish military posts
Pueblos Spanish establishments or towns
English Bill of Rights Written list of freedoms that a government promised to protect.
Habeas Corpus The principle that a person cannot be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime.
Freedom of the Press The right of journalists to publish the truth without restrictions or penalty
Indentured Servants Signed a contract to work from 4-10 years in the colonies for anyone who would pay for his or her ocean passage to the Americas.
Racism A belief that one race is superior to another.
Slave Code Strict laws that restrict the rights and activities of slaves.
Natural Rights An enlightenment idea that said every human is born to life, liberty, and property.
Divine Right The belief that monarchs (Kings) get the right to rule over everybody by being born king.
What was the Triangular Trade? Describe how it worked. A trade between Africa, America, and Europe. Slaves went from Africa to America. Tobacco and cotton went from America and Europe. Textiles went from Europe to Africa.
Who was John Locke and what did he have that shaped the founding the United States? John Locke was an English philosopher. Stated that all people had natural rights. People had the right to life, liberty, and property.
Civilization A culture in which cities, science, and industry developed.
Ice Bridge A frozen area allowing people to travel from continent to continent.
Nomad A tribe of people that have in permanent home but travel from place to place in search of food.
Aztecs An early civilization that existed in present day in Mexico City.
Incas The largest civilization in the world in the 1400's in South America.
Moctezuma Aztec Leader or King
Boston Massacare An event where soldiers fired on a crowd.
Stamp Act The first direct tax England placed on the Colonist.
Repeal To do away with a law.
Quartering Law Law saying the colonists had to let British soldiers live with them.
Townshend Act Tax placed on paper, glass, and tea.
Boston Tea Party An event where 300 chests of tea were thrown in the Boston harbor in protest of taxes.
Navigation Act Said the Colonists had to use British Ships when trading.
Boycott To refuse to buy something.
France Sent soldiers to help the Colonists during the revolutionary war.
Declaration of Independance Document in which colonists declared their freedom.
Redcoats Name for British Soldiers.
Great Britian The country that the American Colonists fought a war against.
Minutemen Soldiers in the revolutionary war who were ready to fight at any time.
Yorktown, Virginia Site of the final battle of the Revolutionary War.
Thomas Jefferson Man that wrote the Declaration of Independence.
George Washington He commanded Colonial Forces in the American Revolutionary war.
General Cornwallis He led the British army during the Revolutionary War.
King George III British King during the Revolutionary War.
When and where did the first fighting of the American Revolutionary War happen? The first fighting of the American Revolutionary War started in April 1775 in Lexington and Concord, MA.
Why did the British feel they would easily defeat the Colonists of the Revolutionary War? The British feel the colonists were poorly equipped, untrained, outmanned, and unfit for war. Colonists did not have a formal military.
What are some factors that led to the colonists winning the Revolutionary War? Some factors the led to the colonist winning the revolutionary war are they were familiar with the land, they used Guerrilla Warfare, they had a stronger desire to win the war, they had a strong leadership.
5 things I learned in first semester in US History: 1. Slavery 2. Civil War 3. American Revolutionary 4. Declaration of Independence 5. 13 Colonies
Created by: johnnyharrod13