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CCC Tutorial 3

What are the three types of verbal communication? Vocal (Spoken), Nonvocal and Silence
What are some sub types of nonvocal communication? Written communication Sign language Finger spelling Braille
How do cultures vary in terms of communication? Attitudes towards speaking, writing and silence vary across cultures. Some cultures place emphasis on speaking, Some cultures place emphasis on writing, Some cultures place emphasis on silence
What cultures place emphasis on writing? Western cultures e.g. US "Did you get that in writing?"
What cultures place emphasis on silence? Asian cultures e.g. It is what people say that gets them into trouble (Japan) A loud voice shows an empty head (Finland)
How does spoken communication differ across cultures? •Accents and Pronunciation •Sounds of words
How does both written and spoken communication differ across cultures? • Regional Dialects • Idioms • Slang • Context • Code Switching
How does written communication differ across cultures? Different cultures prefer different writing structures.
What is the difference between an accent and a dialect? An accent refers only to the way words are pronounced. A dialect has its own grammar, vocabulary, syntax, and common expressions, as well as pronunciation rules that make it unique from other dialects of the same language.
How many dialects does German have? 6 major dialect branches, with further subdivisions within the branches
What are some Spanish dialects? • Spain (peninsular) – Castilian – Andalusian – Murcian • Canary Islands • Gibraltar • Africa (Equatoguinean) • The Americas: – Latin America – Rioplatenese – Caribbean
What are some Chinese dialects? • Pŭtōnghuà (Mandarin) • Wú • Yuè (Cantonese) • Mĭn Nán (Southern Min) • Jìnyŭ • Hakka • Xiāng (Hunanese) • Gàn • Mín Bĕi (Northern Min) • Mín Dōng (Eastern Min) • Mín Zhōng (Central Min) • Dungan - Also has sub-regional dialects
What is an idiom? An expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its separate words but that has a separate meaning of its own.
What is slang? Words that are not considered part of the standard vocabulary of a language and that are used very informally in speech especially by a particular group of people
What is code-switching? Alternating between one or more languages or dialects that occurs while communicating in a particular language
Why do we code-switch? We use different forms of expression depending on the person we are speaking to and where we are speaking to that person. • There are different degrees of formality and informality.
What are the differences between English, Romance, Judaic and Asian writing structures? • English - To the point; conciseness valued, themes expressed • Romance - Use detours: expected to maintain interest and and politeness • Judaic - "But that's another story" • Asian - Goes in circles: prevent loss of face from assertiveness
How does Orthography and Accents affect communication? Same word can take on different meanings
How do cultural factors like Power Distance impact how we communicate in terms of the form of communication or channels of communication? idk
What does it mean when it is said that low-context cultures communicate directly? What are some examples? • Speakers say everything on their minds with no restraints • Meaning is contained in the spoken word • Clear • Germanic and English-speaking countries
What does it mean when it is said that high-context cultures communicate indirectly? What are some examples of such cultures? •Information is not in the verbal message • Meaning is in the context • Indirect hints, nonverbal signals to preserve face and relationship • Ambiguous • Mediterranean, Slav, Central European, Latin American, African, Arab, Asian



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