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VCHS APUSH Ch. 12&13

Practice for test

In the American regular army on the eve of the War of 1812 there was no burning national anger to unite Americans against the British
The performance of the United States' Navy in the War of 1812 could be best described as overall surprisingly successful and skillful against the accomplished British ships and commanders
America's military campaigns against Canada in the War of 1812 were poorly conceived strategically and successfully repelled by the British and Canadians
Perhaps the key battle of the War of 1812,;because it protected the United States from full-scale invasion and possible dissolution; was the Battle of, Plattsburgh.
British plans for their 1814 campaign did not include action in Florida
The British attack on Fort McHenry inspired the writing of "The Star-Spangled Banner" by Francis Scott Key
The most devastating defeat suffered by the British during the War of 1812 took place at the Battle of New Orleans
The Battle of New Orleans resulted in the launching of Andrew Jackson as a national hero; an impressive American military victory over the British; a wave of patriotism washing over the entire country
Andrew Jackson sought to recruit free blacks to defend New Orleans by appealing to the governor of Louisiana using all of the following arguments except many of the free black men are idle and lazy and would become better workers after the war through the discipline of military service
The delegates of the Hartford Convention adopted resolutions in 1814 that included a call for a constitutional amendment requiring a two-thirds vote in Congress before war could be declared; new states admitted; or a trade embargo instituted by the federal government
The resolutions enacted by the delegates at the Hartford Convention helped to cause the death of the Federalist party
For Native Americans the War of 1812 meant
The two most internationally recognized American writers in the 1820s were Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper
The Tariff of 1816 was the first in American history that aimed to protect American industry
Henry Clay embraced a program in 1824 called the American System which would create all of the following a strong banking system; a protective tariff to enable manufacturing to grow; a network of roads and canals for transporting foodstuffs; raw materials and manufactured goods nationwide
The Panic of 1819 brought with it all of the following unemployment; bank failures of speculative "wildcat" western banks; a massive wave of personal and commercial bankruptcies
The western land boom from 1791 to 1824 resulted from all of the following the Land Act of 1820 and the development of inexpensive transportation to and through the Northwest and West; acute economic distress in the East during the embargo years prompted many Americans to settle in the West; the frontier was pacified in the Nort
One of the West's persistent political demands was for cheap money issued by unregulated banks
When the House of Representatives passed the Tallmadge Amendment in response to Missouri's request for admission to the Union; the South thought that the amendment would threaten the precarious sectional balance in the country
All of the following were results of the Missouri Compromise the political balance between the North and South was kept even; Missouri entered the Union as a slave state; sectionalism was significantly reduced
John Marshall uttered his famous legal dictum that "the power to tax involves the power to destroy" in McCulloch v Maryland
In the cases of Fletcher v Peck and Dartmouth College v Woodward Chief Justice John Marshall's rulings
John Marshall uttered his famous legal dictum that "the power to tax involves the power to destroy" in In McCulloch v Maryland
US Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall's rulings almost single-handedly shaped constitutional interpretation toward favoring nationalistic centralism and curbing the powers of popularly elected state legislatures in national political and economic affairs
Chief Justice John Marshall's ruling in ____ upheld the Constitution's protection of property rights against interference by a popular state law Fletcher v Peck
The United States' most successful diplomat in the Era of Good Feelings was John Quincy Adams
The Anglo-American Convention of 1818 with Great Britain called for a ten-year joint occupation of the Oregon country by both American citizens and British subjects
At the time it was issued the Monroe Doctrine was incapable of being effectively enforced by the United States armed forces.
Latin America's reaction to the Monroe Doctrine can best be described as unconcerned or unimpressed
The Russo-American Treaty of 1824 fixed the southernmost limits of Russian occupation of North America at; 54° 40' the present southern tip of the Alaska panhandle
When the Monroe Doctrine was issued in 1823 it might more accurately have been called the American Self-Defense Doctrine
In the 1820s and 1830s the two issues that greatly raised the political stakes were
In the 1820s and 1830s the public's attitude regarding political parties
By the 1840s voter participation in the presidential election reached
The House of Representatives decided the 1824 presidential election when no candidate received a majority of the vote in the Electoral College
People in the West tended to prefer Andrew Jackson in the 1824 election because he campaigned against the forces of corruption and privilege in government
John Quincy Adams elected president in 1825
John Quincy Adams could be described as possessing almost none of the arts of the politician
Despite President Adams's discomfort his political supporters in the election of 1828 used all of the following dirty tactics against his rival Andrew Jackson
Despite his suspicions of the federal government; Andrew Jackson's Democratic political party created the spoils system in the federal government
Andrew Jackson's inauguration as president symbolized the newly won ascendancy of the masses
The purpose behind the spoils system was to reward political supporters with public office
The spoils system under Andrew Jackson resulted in the appointment of many corrupt and incompetent officials to federal jobs
What interest group supported the exceptionally high rates of the Tariff of 1828? Wool and textile manufacturers from New England Opposing the Tariff of 1828
John C Calhoun's South Carolina Exposition was an argument for states' rights
The Nullification Crisis of 1832-1833 erupted directly over tariff policy
The Force Bill of 1833 provided that the President could use the army and navy to collect federal tariff duties
The person most responsible for defusing the tariff controversy that began in 1828 was Henry Clay
The nullification crisis started by South Carolina over the Tariff of 1828 ended when Congress passed the compromise Tariff of 1833
Andrew Jackson's administration supported the removal of Native Americans from the eastern states because whites wanted the Indians' lands
In their treatment of Native Americans white Americans did all of the following
In an effort to assimilate themselves into white society the Cherokees did all of the following
The policy of the Jackson administration toward the eastern Indian tribes involved forced removal from their traditional lands
One of the positive aspects of the Bank of the United States was its function as a source of credit and stability
Andrew Jackson based his veto of the re-charter bill for the Bank of the United States on the fact that he found the bill harmful to the nation as well as unconstitutional
The Anti-Masonic party of 1832 appealed to American suspicions of secret societies
All of the following were characteristics of Henry Clay's election campaign of 1832 overconfidence of his campaign and the National Republicans; a hefty and ample campaign chest of $50
Supporters of the Whig party included all of the following backers of southern states' rights; large northern industrialists; backers of the American System
The cement that held the Whig party together in its formative days was hatred of Andrew Jackson and his aggrandizement of executive power at the expense of the states and Congress
The Whigs hoped to win the 1836 election by forcing the election into the House of Representatives
The Panic of 1837 was caused by all of the following excessive speculation; President Jackson's banking and financial policies including the Bank War and the Specie Circular; financial problems abroad
The Whigs offered all of the following proposals for the remedies of the economic ills facing America in 1837 expansion of bank credit; proposal of higher tariffs; proposal of subsidies for internal improvements
Americans moved into Texas after an agreement was concluded between Mexican authorities and Stephen Austin to permit the Texan settlers to bring into Texas three hundred families who were to become properly Mexicanized
The government of Mexico and the Americans who settled in Mexican-controlled Texas clashed over all of the following issues continued legality of slavery in Texas; numerical limits on American immigration to Texas; local rights and responsibilities of Americans living in Texas
Texas gained its independence with help from Americans
Spanish authorities allowed Moses Austin to settle in Texas because they believed that Austin and his settlers might be able to "civilize the territory
One major reason for the Anglo-Texan rebellion against Mexican rule was that the Anglo-Texans wanted to break away from a government that had grown too authoritarian
Presidents Jackson and Van Buren hesitated to extend recognition to and to annex the new Texas Republic because antislavery groups in the United States opposed the expansion of slavery
The "Tippecanoe" in the Whigs' 1840 presidential campaign slogan was William Harrison
William Henry Harrison the Whig party's presidential candidate in 1840
Created by: dsharpe302