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Constitution Review

QuestionAnswer
Articles of Confederation What was the name of the first plan of government for the United States following the end of the Revolution?
states Under the Articles, most power was given to whom?
one vote How many votes did each state receive under the Articles of Confederation?
nine Under the Articles, it was hard to pass laws because how many states out of 13 were needed to pass any law?
no power to tax or raise an army, no president or court system, no regulation of trade between the states What were some of the problems with the Articles?
Shay's Rebellion What was the rebellion of farmers called following the revolution when farmers were attacking courthouses due to the seizing of their property?
Northwest Ordinance What law established rules for new states to be added to the United States?
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Where did the Constitution Convention take place?
Great Compromise or Connecticut Compromise What plan proposed at the Constitutional Convention was a compromise between the New Jersey and Virginia plans?
as 3/5ths of a person for tax and population purposes How would slaves be counted according to the compromise reached at the Constitution Convention?
2 How many houses of Congress were established under the Great Compromise?
Senate and the House of Representatives Name the 2 houses of Congress.
James Madison Which founding father authored the Bill of Rights and is considered to be the "Father of the Constitution"?
Electoral College Under the Constitution, who has the power to choose the chief executive (President)?
1787 In what year was the Constitution signed?
Bill of Rights First ten amendments to the Constitution. Added to get Anti-Federalists to support the Constitution.
Federalists Wanted a strong central government and supported the signing of the Constitution
2nd Amendment Right to Bear Arms (own a reasonable weapon)
they can override his/her veto with a 2/3rds vote of both houses (66%) What can members of Congress do as a check to the President's power if he vetoes a law?
a speedy, and public trial with a lawyer When accused of a federal crime, you are entitled to...?
Representative must be at least 25 years old and a citizen of the U.S. for the last 7 years. A Senator must be at least 30 years old and a citizen for the last 9 years. Both Senators and Reps must also reside in the state they are representing. What are the requirements to be a member of the House of Representatives? Senator?
2 years How long does a Representative serve?
6 years (yes, longer than the President) 21. How long does a Senator serve?
Because American colonists were often denied these rights when we were part of Britain Why are there many amendments concerning rights if you are accused of a crime?
4th Amendment Protection against Unreasonable Search and Seizure (must have a warrant)
The legislative branch must approve the appointments of all federal judges, so that way, they have power over them. How can the Legislative Branch keep the Judicial Branch in check?
they believed it made the central government too strong and also believed a Bill of Rights needed to be added to protect the rights of the people Why did Anti-Federalists oppose the signing of the Constitution
Legislative Branch Makes the laws
Executive Branch Carries out laws.
the President Who is the head of the executive branch?
Checks and balances Each branch of government has powers that help to limit the power of the other branches.
No ( the members of Congress agreed to delay discussing slavery for 20 years to give the South time to adjust) Was slavery outlawed by the Bill of Rights?
3rd Amendment The government cannot force people to quarter troops (house soldiers)
1st Amendment Protects Freedom of Religion, Assembly, Petition, Press, and SPEECH (RAPPS)
republicanism The right to vote for your Congress and President is an example of which constitutional principle?
popular sovereignty Basic concept of the Constitution; the idea that political authority belongs to the people.
6th Amendment Which amendment guarantees citizens a right to a speedy, public trial by jury?
5th Amendment Rights of the Accused- The Right to Remain Silent (cannot be forced to testify against yourself), no double jeopardy, due process, cannot take private property without cause or just payment
popular sovereignty "We the People" upholds which constitutional principle?
Separation of powers Spreading out powers so that too much power is not concentrated in one place. US government has 3 branches of government. This principle is illustrated in Articles 1,2, and 3 of the Constitution.
federalism A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
10th Amendment Powers not given to federal government go to States
individual rights The Bill of Rights proves that the constitution protects what principle of government?
8th Amendment Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail/and cruel unusual punishment
Judicial Branch Which branch of government interprets laws and has the power to declare laws to be unconstitutional?
7th Amendment The right to a trial by Jury in civil cases over $20
9th Amendment Rights not included in Constitution go to the people
Limited government Idea that the government must be controlled so that it doesn't get too powerful.
Created by: sealek