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|What is the meaning of 'Mesopotamia?'
|The land between two rivers.
|What are the two bodies of water surrounding Mesopotamia?
|Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
|What does fertile mean? What is an example of a crescent-shaped object?
|Fertile means rich in nutrients. A banana is an example of a crescent-shaped object.
|What is the climate of their summers?
|It is dry and hot.
|How do the people keep the crops from drying up during droughts?
|They store water in reservoirs during the rainy season.
|Where is Mesopotamia located?
|In the middle eastern country, Iraq.
|What are the three main resources?
|Grain, mud, and bronze.
|What is bronze made up of?
|Copper and tin.
|What are the two main parts of irrigation?
|Dikes and canals.
|What did irrigation allow farmers to do?
|Equally distribute water from the neighboring rivers for their crops.
|Irrigation was the start of job specialization due to the fact that farms grew a...?
|Surplus of grain.
|Along with job specialization, the irrigation's surplus led to...?
|Government, social classes, art, and writing.
|The ruler of a city-state was a...?
|Kings were chosen as a ruler because...?
|The townspeople needed a strong and courages leader for when war comes.
|The amount of power a king has is...?
|A great amount.
|What did Kings oversee?
|Ziggurats, irrigation systems, and walls.
|King Hammurabi ruled which city-state?
|Hammurabi's Code of Law was based on the phrase "an eye for an eye." What does this mean?
|The punishment should fit the crime.
|King Hammurabi's Code of Law had a positive outcome. What was the positive outcome?
|The laws brought peace to the organized county.
|What is polytheism?
|The belief of many Gods.
|How many main Gods were there?
|Four main Gods.
|What is a ziggurat?
|A shrine where priests worship the Gods.
|What social classes honored the Gods?
|All of them.
|Who was in charge of writing and record keeping?
|What was the style of Cuneiform?
|What records were scribes in charge of keeping?
|Trade, taxes, history, and religious rituals.
|What were the four forms of Mesopotamian art?
|Ziggurats, seals, Mosaic pictures, and sculptures.
|What were the three life-changing inventions Sumerians invented?
|The wheel, the plow, and the sail.