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Growth and Expansion

8th Grade Social Studies

industrial revolution a drastic change in the way goods were produced
American System Henry Clay's plan to promote economic growth
canals a channel dug by people and filled with watter to allow boats to cross a stretch of land
steamships a boat or ship that is powered by water vapor
capitalist people with money to invest in business to make a profit
cotton gin a machine that separates cotton from its seeds
corduroy roads roads that were made with logs to keep wagons from sinking into the mud; named for the cloth they resembled
turnpikes gravel and stone roads that people could travel and would have to pay tolls
transportation revolution a drastic change in the way people traveled
Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin
Samuel Slater an Englishman that memorized the design of the machines Britain was using in their mills
Lowell Girls young women from farms that worked in the newly formed mills in Boston
child labor the use of young kids and teenagers to work in factories
Monroe Doctrine a document put in place by President Monroe; states that European countries should not colonize or interfere in Latin America
urbanization the migration to and building up of cities
spinning jenny a machine that let a worker spin several threads at once
Henry Clay a Congressmen from Kentucky who represented the west; played instrumental part in policy during the industrial revolution
Daniel Webster a Congressman from New Hampshire who represented the interests of New England and the North
John Calhoun a Congressman from South Carolina who represented the interests of the south
Missouri Compromise Missouri wanted to enter the US as a slave state; Maine was created as a free stated to keep the balance of slave and free state representation in Congress.
Compromise of 1850 California wanted to enter the US as a free state; Utah and New Mexico were created and the question of slavery was decided by popular sovereignty
Created by: philygrl14



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