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Canada in the 1700's

Grade 7 History Test November 2016

What is a Seigneur? A landlord who rented out farmland to farmers for a small fee along the St. Lawrence River
How was the Seigneur's land divided? the Seigneur would divide one large piece of land into smaller sections to be rented
What is a Habitant? French settlers who farmed a small plot of land about the size of a football field (from the Seigneur)
What were the responsibilities of the Habitant? Habitants would pay rent to the Seigneur in produce (crops) or cash. They would also be in charge of building a house and farming the land. Habitants would perform unpaid labour for the seigneur a few days each year.
What did the Habitants need to do, in addition to farming, to support their family? Fish, Hunt, Harvest timber and trap animals
Who were the Couriers De Bois? "Runners of the Woods". Went deep into the forests of New France to trade fur with the First Nations.
How did the Couriers De Bois solidify relationships with the First Nations? Many of them chose to live with the First Nations. Sometimes they would marry the Chief's daughter.
What was a Voyageur? Professional canoeist who worked for the trading companies
What were the responsibilities of the Voyageurs? to transport the furs through the narrow waterways to the larger ships so they could be sent back to France and made into goods. Voyageurs could NOT trade or sell the furs and goods
What religion was practiced in New France the Catholic religion was the only religion considered acceptable by the French. King Louis XIV only permitted Catholics to settle in New France.
How did King Louis XIV introduce his religion the the Native people? Native people were forced to convert and practice the Catholic religion. He believed his colony would be stronger if everyone practiced the same Catholic Religion.
Who were the Jesuits? AKA "The Black Robes". Primary role was to spread the Catholic Faith and beliefs in New France.
What did the Jesuits contribute to New France they built a school for boys in New France and built Catholic churches that supported the community in New France.
What negative impact did The Jesuits have on the First Nations people? The Jesuits unknowingly carried disease to the First Nations people that wiped out entire tribes.
Who were the Ursuline Nuns? Primary roles was to spread the Catholic faith and beliefs.
What did the Ursuline Nuns contribute to New France? they built schools for girls and built and ran hospitals in New France.
Who established a Royal Colony in New France? King Louis XIV. He organized the settlement of New France including Mercantilism.
What type of leader was King Louis XIV? an absolute Monarch
What was the Seigneurial System? The system used by France to divide land among settlers in New France.
How was the land divided in New France into long narrow plots with each plot running into the St. Lawrence River
What are the 4 points of Mercantilism? 1. Mother Country sends explorers to their colony (on ships) 2. Natural Resources are collected/harvested from the colony (fur) 3. NR are sent back to Mother Country and turned into goods (fur hats) 4. Goods are sold to the Mother Country AND colonists
What is Colonization? A mother country brings another separate region under its control
How was New France Colonized? France took control of an area in North America and called it New France.
What is the definition of Indigenous? original inhabitants or people of an area
Who were the indigenous people in Canada? First Nations, Metus and Inuit
What is a Disputed Territory? area of land that different groups claim belong to them
What was the Treaty of Utrecht? A Treaty signed by the French and other European countries which resulted in France losing some of it's land in New France to England
What events lead to the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht? -Spains King died. -France started a war to claim all of Spains land -European countries including England defended Spain -After many battles the treaty was signed
Who were the 5 Colonial Powers? France, England, Germaney, Spain and Portugal.
Created by: cianieri