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india

vocabulary

TermDefinition
Hinduism— one of the oldest religions in the world, beginning with the Aryans; thousands of gods and goddesses
caste system established social groups that people are born into and cannot change
Sanskrit— —the language of India, developed by the Aryans
Brahman the universal spirit
Brahmin— caste of Hindu priests
Reincarnation —the idea of passing through many lives to achieve Brahman
Dharma the Divine Law
Karma the consequences of how a person lives
Hindu- Arabic numerals/0
Asoka— —history’s 1st great Buddhist king
Buddhism religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha (“enlightened one”) by his followers
Theocracy when a religious leader is head of the government
Aryans —a group of people from central Asia who raised and herded animals—also great warriors—who migrated into India
tribal migration
Indus River r—water flows down from the Himalayan Mountains and when controlled can be used for farming; the area around the river is called the Indus River Valley
Mauryan Empire India’s 1st empire
Gupta Empire —followed the Mauryan empire—smaller and wealthier—involved in increased trace; India’s “golden age” of art and learning
Vedas ancient hymns and prayers for religious ceremonies
Four Noble Truths— —foundation of Buddhist teachings: suffering, the cause of suffering, the end of suffering, and the path that leads to the end of suffering. Life is filled with suffering Suffering is caused by people's wants. Suffering can be ended if people stop want
Eightfold path —according to the Buddha, the eight steps to eliminate suffering They are: · To know the truth · To intend to resist evil · To not say anything to hurt others · To respect life, property, and morality · To work
culture —the beliefs, customs, and arts of a particular society
politics —the management of government or actions and ideas that influence government
Created by: ad05661
 

 



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