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Ancient Civ. Ch. 6+7

Phoenician lived in Canaan and called Canaanites, means "of purple merchants", sailors, explorers, known by city-state name they lived in
Treaties agreements between countries
colonies permanent settlements
urns ornamental settlements
descendant offspring or child
Exodus Hebrews' escape from Egypt led by Moses
covenant agreement
Torah Ezra wrote the five books of Jewish laws and history and were added to the Bible
Prophet a person claiming messages from God
judge settled disputes in crises and became temporary leaders
psalm many were written by David about his feelings and emotions, they were considered songs during this time period
Sabbath a day of rest, Babylonia was the place where they began meeting in groups on the Sabbath
litter a carriage without wheels that was carried by servants
What did David contribute? wrote many psalms, Hebrew king, a poet, musician, and warrior
What did Abraham contribute? leader whose descendants were promised the land of Canaan, Abraham promised God to worship only Him, Abraham made a Covenant with God, 1800 BC settles around Canaan
What did Moses contribute? led the Hebrews to freedom from Egyptian enslavement for 600 years, Hebrew leader who went to Mount Sinai and received the 10 Commandements
What did Solomon contribute? Son of David, Hebrew kingdom split into 2 kingdoms after his death (known as Judah and Israel), the Temple of Jerusalem was built by Solomon
What did the High-Priest King in Phoenicia contribute? ruler of city-state, rich merchants formed a council to assist in ruling and late told the kind what to do
What did the Hebrews contribute? known as Israelites, influence on present day civilization, known as Judaism today, they were Nomadic (wanderers and herders), lived in ancient Middle East, lived in 2 story houses, teachers and leaders, records on scrolls, recorded laws and stories
What did Dido contribute? founded Carnage
What is Carthage? located in present day Tunisia, famous Phoenician City, founded by Dido, Mediterranean power and trading post, North African colony established by Phoenicians
What is Judah? Hebrew Kingdom in Southern Canaan, when Solomon dies Hebrews separate into Judah and Israel
What is Jerusalem? capital of the Hebrews
What is Persepolis? Capital city of Persia under King Darius
What made the Phoenician alphabet successful and valuable? It had 22 symbols, based on Egyptian Hieroglyphics, created for record keeping and trading, trade made it spread to other areas, adapted to Greek, Roman and our alphabet
Who could be called Canaanites? Philistines and Phoenicians or anyone who lived there during their rule
Where did the Phoenicians worship and why? Worshipped nature, believed gods and goddesses were in nature (on hills and under trees) and worshipped in this area, late built temples
What were the Phoenician accomplishments alphabet, purple die, murex snail, created factories, treaties to maintain independence, good negotiators, strong business sense, sailors and navigators, charted the North Star, used sun and stars to plot courses, explorers came to Americas, Africa, India
What previous leader and civilization did the Assyrians and Chaldeans learn from? Hammurabi of Babylonia
Abraham and his descendants arrived in Canaan, who was Jacob? What did each of his sons form? Why did they leave Canaan? The grandson of Abraham, he has 12 sons and each one forms the 12 tribes of Israel, drought and starvation, they go to Egypt for food
Record the progression of the Hebrews and Moses leaving Egypt, where did they go, and the Ten Commandments? Hebrews become enslaved, 600 years of enslavement and Moses arrives, the Hebrew's leave, Yahweh parts Red Sea cross into Sinai Desert, 10 Commandments give laws for the way to live
Describe the main elements of the Assyrian people? Cruel warriors and strict rulers, took smelting from the Hittites and used it for improving their weapons, well developed army, ruled through cruelty and fear
What are provinces? political districts of a larger government
What is smelting? process of working with heated iron ore
What are caravans? groups of traveling merchants
Who was Nebuchadnezzar? Chaldean king, built a new capitol in Babylon with hanging gardens
Who is Zoroaster? Persian religious leader who taught of the struggle between good and evil and man had to choose which he would follow
Who was Ahura Mazda? god of good deeds
Who was Ahriman god of evil deeds
Who were The Immortals? Persian soldiers, always maintained 10,000
Who was King Darius? Conquers Mesopotamia and wants a monument to honor his military victories, builds a grand palace-fortress-treasury
Who were the Inspectors? "the eyes and ears of the king" traveled the empire deciding who should pay taxes, they made sure other government officials were doing their job
The Persian empire stretched between? India and Egypt
Why did the Persians refuse to become traders? because they thought trade forced people to lie cheat and be greedy
What did the Persians improve started by the Assyrians, be specific? Built roads, extended the road system started by the Assyrians-Royal Road from Susa to Sardis Military Improvements
How did land and water influence the success of empires? control of land and water gave them control of people, trade and stop attacks.
Who conquered the city of Nineveh? Chaldeans
Created by: leannezecco
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