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Chapter 7 and 8

Chapter 7 and 8 Definitions

TermDefinition
Transfer of responsibility Succession
Indirect method of electing the president and vice president Electoral College
States that if the president dies or leaves office, the vice president becomes president Twenty-fifth Amendment
a member of the Electoral College Elector
indicates the line of succession after the vice president Presidential Succession Act
law that states that the president must notify Congress within 48 hours when troops are sent into battle War Powers Resolution
the granting of a pardon to a group of people Amnesty
an order to postpone a punishment Reprieve
rule or command that has the force of law Executive Order
forgiveness for a crime and freedom from punishment Pardon
an agreement between the president and the leader of another country Executive agreement
a nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations Foreign Policy
An agreement among a group of countries prohibiting trade with a target country embargo
an official representative of a country's government ambassador
an effort to punish another country by imposing barriers to trade trade sanction
independent agencies that are owned and operated by the government government corporation
a person chosen by the president for a job Political Appointee
a government agency that is not part of the cabinet independent agency
the practice of hiring government workers on the basis of merit civil service system
the practice of hiring government workers as a reward for political support spoils system
Supreme Court case that prompted the release of many detained Japanese Americans Ex parte Endo
established a national Supreme Court Article 3 of the Constituion
the authority of a court to hear and decide a case jursdiction
both federal and state courts have jurisdiction concurrent jurisdiction
only federal courts may hear and decide cases exclusive jurisdiction
offers a model upon which judges can base their own decisions on similar cases precedent
federal courts in which trials are held and lawsuits are begun district court
authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court appellate jurisdiction
court that reviews decisions made in lower district courts appeals court
authority to hear cases for the first time original jurisdiction
set the three principles of judicial review Chief Justice John Marshall
refused to enforce a Supreme Court ruling President Andrew Jackson
chief justice appointed by President Bush John G. Roberts
laws or actions allowed by the Constitution constitutional
the power to review any federal, state, or local law or action to see if it is allowed by the Constitution judicial review
document that disagrees with the majority's decision dissenting opinion
guiding principle in which justices rely on precedent stare decisis
court calendar docket
written document that explains one side's position in a case brief
document that presents the views of the majority of the justices on a case majority opinion
Transfer of responsibility Succession
Indirect method of electing the president and vice president Electoral College
States that if the president dies or leaves office, the vice president becomes president Twenty-fifth Amendment
a member of the Electoral College Elector
indicates the line of succession after the vice president Presidential Succession Act
law that states that the president must notify Congress within 48 hours when troops are sent into battle War Powers Resolution
the granting of a pardon to a group of people Amnesty
an order to postpone a punishment Reprieve
rule or command that has the force of law Executive Order
forgiveness for a crime and freedom from punishment Pardon
an agreement between the president and the leader of another country Executive agreement
a nation's overall plan for dealing with other nations Foreign Policy
An agreement among a group of countries prohibiting trade with a target country embargo
an official representative of a country's government ambassador
an effort to punish another country by imposing barriers to trade trade sanction
independent agencies that are owned and operated by the government government corporation
a person chosen by the president for a job Political Appointee
a government agency that is not part of the cabinet independent agency
the practice of hiring government workers on the basis of merit civil service system
the practice of hiring government workers as a reward for political support spoils system
Supreme Court case that prompted the release of many detained Japanese Americans Ex parte Endo
established a national Supreme Court Article 3 of the Constituion
the authority of a court to hear and decide a case jursdiction
both federal and state courts have jurisdiction concurrent jurisdiction
only federal courts may hear and decide cases exclusive jurisdiction
offers a model upon which judges can base their own decisions on similar cases precedent
federal courts in which trials are held and lawsuits are begun district court
authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court appellate jurisdiction
court that reviews decisions made in lower district courts appeals court
authority to hear cases for the first time original jurisdiction
set the three principles of judicial review Chief Justice John Marshall
refused to enforce a Supreme Court ruling President Andrew Jackson
chief justice appointed by President Bush John G. Roberts
laws or actions allowed by the Constitution constitutional
the power to review any federal, state, or local law or action to see if it is allowed by the Constitution judicial review
document that disagrees with the majority's decision dissenting opinion
guiding principle in which justices rely on precedent stare decisis
court calendar docket
written document that explains one side's position in a case brief
document that presents the views of the majority of the justices on a case majority opinion
Created by: willitre2020