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unit 3

Federalism The gov. Is divided between the state and federal gov.
Checks and balances All of the branches of gov. Work together so one isn't more powerful
Separation of powers There are 3 branches of government
Limited government The government has limited powers, it can't break laws
First amendment 1.freedom of speech 2.freedom of religion 3.freedom of press 4.freedom of assembly 5.freedom of petition
Sixth amendment Speedy trial
Reserved power/tenth amendment If not listed go to state government
Amendments Change or addition to a document
Judicial review Supreme Court will make sure all the branches of government follow the constitution
New Jersey plan It included a single legislature house and congress Patterson created it Powerful governments supported it
Virginia plan It included strong national governments Edmund Randolph created it Larger states supported it
Great compromise It included a senate and house representatives Sherman created it Larger states supported it
Popular sovereignty People are the authority of government
Shays rebellion protests in 1786 and 1787 by American farmers against state and local enforcement of tax collections and judgments for debt.
james madison the father to the constitution
george washington founding father, bill of rights supporter
george mason founding father, bill of rights supporter
gouverneur morris author of preamble
faction organized (political) group
executive branch carries out laws of the constitution
legislative branch in charge of passing laws
judicial branch system of courts
federalist supporter of federalism
anti-federalists a non supporter of federalism
bill of rights first 10 amendments
constitutional convention made to improve the Articals of confederation
three fifths compromise The population of slaves would be counted as three-fifths in total when apportioning Representatives, as well as Presidential electors and taxes.
consent of the governed legitimate government : that the authority of a government should depend on the consent of the people, as expressed by votes in elections.
elastic clause a statement in the U.S. Constitution granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers.
ratify (ratification) sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
strengths of the Articals First written agreement and first constitution of USA Congress has the power to deal with foreign affairs and authority to declare war, and make peace, alliance and sign treaties
weaknesses of the articals There was only one vote per state, regardless of its size No power to regulate commerce or trade between the states, each state could put taxes on trade between states
northwest ordinance was an act of the Congress of the Confederation of the United States
federalist paper #10 written by James Madison arguing for the ratification of the United States Constitution.
federalist paper #51 written by James Madison to protect the rights of people
preamble to the constitution of the US about the rights we have
Created by: Malleyknighttt