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Unit 4

Articles of Confederation, Founding Fathers, Constitutional Convention

QuestionAnswer
What did the Founding Fathers do instead of revising the Articles of Confederation? Wrote the U.S. Constitution
Who is called the "Father of the Constitution" because he took careful notes during the meetings? James Madison
What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention? To revise the Articles of Confederation
Who was the President of the Constitutional Convention? George Washington
What year was the U.S. Constitution written? 1787
What are synonyms for the following words: Congress Approve Bicameral Unicameral Representation Legislature Ratify 2 houses 1 house votes
What house of the legislature is considered the "lower house" and has representation based on population? The House of Representatives
Who were the two most well known Anti-Federalists? Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry
Which plan favored large states because the number of representatives for the legislature would be based on population? The Virginia Plan
Who was the oldest delegate at the Constitutional Convention? Benjamin Franklin
What issue did the 3/5 Compromise settle? Settles how slaves would be counted for purposes of taxation and representation
Which early government documents influenced the writing of the U.S. Constitution? Magna Carta, Mayflower Compact, Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, English Bill of Rights, Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation
What is the group of men called who attended the Constitutional Convention? The Founding Fathers
Which plan favored small states because the number of representatives for the legislature would be equal for each state? The New Jersey Plan
Which document was written in 1215 and limited the power of the English king? Magna Carta
Which Federalists wrote the Federalist Papers? John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison
Which group of people supported the ratification of the Constitution? The Federalists
What is the Great Compromise? It set up the Senate and House of Representatives; together the two houses will be known as "Congress"
Which plan called for a two-house legislature? The Virginia Plan
What house of Congress is considered the "upper house" and is based on equal representation with each state getting two votes? The Senate
Who proposed the New Jersey Plan? William Patterson
What group of people opposed the Constitution? The Anti-Federalists
Who proposed that a Bill of Rights (to protect people's freedoms) be included with the Constitution? George Mason
What document guaranteed basic rights to English citizens? English Bill of Rights
What was the Anti-Federalists' main argument against the Constitution? It didn't protect people's freedoms
Who proposed the Great Compromise? Roger Sherman
What are the Federalist Papers? Essays written in support of the Constitution
According to the 3/5 Compromise, how was each slave counted? As 3/5 of a person OR for every 5 slaves, 3 people were added to the population
What problem did the Great Compromise settle? It settled the question of how representation in the legislature would be determined
Created by: Ms. Mckenzie