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Pompeii/Herculaneum

HSC Ancient History

QuestionAnswer
Riot in the Amphitheatre In AD 59, a riot occurred in the amphitheatre between the spectators from Pompeii and Nuceria in which many were killed or wounded.
Earthquake: AD 62, Many of the public buildings and houses in Pompeii were extensively damaged and repair work was still being carried out when Pompeii was destroyed in 79.
1689 Discovery Ruined buildings and a Latin inscription were found by workmen building an aqueduct. The site was named Civitas - Latin for ‘City’.
1763 Discovery An inscription was found identifying the site as Pompeii. Street of the Tombs, Temple of Isis and a theatre unearthed. Moveable objects taken from site.
Guiseppe Fiorelli 1860. Began a systematic approach. Excavated from the top rather than the side. Realised that cavities in the ash were from decomposed organic matter - used plaster to recreate human, animals, furniture, food and other matter.
Natural features of the Vesuvius Area Wine, Olives, Flowers, Fish, Wool
Plans and Streetscapes of Pompeii public street fountains, ruts in road from continuous wheel travel, Stepping stones
Plans and Streetscapes of Herculaneum No wheel ruts, balcony of wood survived
Streets of Herculaneum; east/west streets Decumanus Maximus and Decumanus Inferior.
Streets of Herculaneum; north/south streets Cardo III, IV and V
Official Inscriptions Civic charters and regulations on public buildings Commemorative plaques for dedications by wealthy individuals Funerary inscriptions
Decorative Arts frescoes paintings mosaics geometric patterned floors decorative sculpture furnishings
Frescoes a painting done rapidly in watercolour on wet plaster on a wall or ceiling in public and private buildings, all levels of society ,kitchen and slave quarters not painted, even walls of gardens painted
Mosaics a picture or pattern produced by arranging together small pieces of stone, tile, glass, Found on walls, floors, columns, nymphaeum, even vaulted roofs of baths.
Created by: lisswheels