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7th Grade

Unit 1: Introduction to History-Mrs. French

The study of the past History
A person who studies the past Historian
A period of 100 years Century
A period of 10 years Decade
The type of calendar used by most countries in the present day Gregorian Calendar
What does BC stand for? Before Christ
What does BCE stand for? Before Common Era
What does AD stand for? Anno Domini-in the year of our lord
What does CE stand for? Common Era
Why do some present day countries choose to use BCE/CE over BC/AD when describing time periods? Not all countries follow the faith based on BC/AD
How do BC/BCE and AD/CE differ when placed on a timeline? BC/BCE counts back from zero while AD/CE counts up from 0
What is an era or age? A special time period in history
Give an example of an era/age Ice Age, Civil War Era, Stone Age, Medieval Era
What is an artifact? An object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest.
What is an archaeologist? A scientist who studies human history by digging up human remains and artifacts
What do you call a graphic representation of the passage of time? Timeline
What does it mean to corroborate in history? To support or help prove (a statement, theory, etc.) by providing information or evidence.
What do you call history before there was written language? Prehistory
What are primary sources? The original records created by firsthand witnesses of an event.
What are secondary sources? Documents, texts, images, and objects about an event created later than the event happened and by someone who typically references the event's primary sources for their information.
Give an example of a secondary source. Textbook
Give an example of a primary source. Native American clothing
What is an oral tradition? Traditions passed down from one generation to the next by word of mouth.
What is the difference between prehistory and history? Prehistory was before written languages and based on only artifacts and fossil findings, but once a civilization started to use a written language to write down traditions history was developed.
Why might historians not ever really know what artifacts such as cave paintings meant during the prehistory era? Without a written language or written records they can never know for sure if the interpretations are correct.
What is the name of the calendar that is used universally? The Gregorian calendar
What branch of social science studies human relationships and cultures in history? Anthropology
What branch of social science studies artifacts to learn about history? Archaeology
What branch of social science studies the land and uses maps to learn about history? Geography
How do we know about prehistoric people of the past if there was no written language? Archaeologists excavate ancient sites and study artifacts; paintings on caves and stone tell stories about their lives
What does excavate mean? to dig
What types of tools did prehistoric people use? Stone tools; tools made from bone and ivory
What are two methods of dating artifacts and bones? Counting tree rings and using carbon 14
What do you call passing on history by word of mouth? Oral tradition
Why is it important to consider different points of view when looking at historical events? There could be different perspectives from all involved depending on their role in the event.
Is a Civil War soldier's diary a primary or secondary source? primary
Is a photograph of the Statue of Liberty from last year a primary or secondary source? secondary
Which calendar uses A.H. instead of A.D. to distinguish it from Gregorian years? Muslim or Islamic calendar
If the years 2018 CE, 2018 BCE and 1930 AD were all listed on a timeline, which one would be the earliest time period? 2018 BCE
"What types of natural resources did a civilization use?" is a question that would be asked by what type of social scientist? Geographer
"What battles did the Romans fight in?" is a question that would be asked by what type of social scientist? Historian
"What was the role of women in Ancient Greece?" is a question that would be asked by what type of social scientist? Anthropologist
"What was buried in the pyramids?" is a question that would be asked by what type of social scientist? Archaeologist
What is a calendar based on the cycles of the moon called? lunar
What is a calendar based on the orbit of the sun called? solar
What do you call something that gives proof of or a reason to believe something happened such as an artifact or document? evidence
What do call it when different perspectives are presented in a formal "argument'? debate
What is a word used for different points of view in history? perspectives
Created by: comstockpark
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