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Emotion and Affect

EMOTION conscious state that includes an evaluative reaction to some event”
COMMON SENSE THEORY Stimulus--> Conscious Experience-->Physiological arousal
JAMES-LANGE THEORY Stimulus-->Physiological Arousal-->Conscious Experience
FACIAL FEEDBACK HYPOTHESIS RELATED STUDY Strack et al. (1988) ◦ Participants watching cartoons ◦ Pen between teeth (smile) or between lips (frown)
FACIAL FEEDBACK HYPOTHESIS Strong version: expressions cause emotions (most studies – weak effect) Weaker version: expressions modify the intensity of emotion
CANNON-BARD THEORY Stimulus--> Conscious Experience and Physiological Arousal (same time)
SCHACHTER-SINGER THEORY (COGNITIVE LABELLING THEORY) Stimulus-->Physiological arousal + Cognitive label--> Conscious experience
MISATTRIBUTION OF AROUSAL IN ATTRACTION RELATED STUDY Suspension Bridge study (Dutton and Aron 1974) ◦ Men interviewed by attractive woman ◦ standing on either a high or a low suspension bridge
MISATTRIBUTION OF AROUSAL IN ATTRACTION RELATED STUDY CONTD. Result: men on the high bridge had greater attraction than those on the low bridge or when interviewer was male Conclusion: Love is basically a state of physiological arousal that you label as ‘love’.
CHANGING NEGATIVE AROUSAL INTO POSITIVE EMOTIONS The bridge study suggests that people can transfer fear into love This is the only study that provides such evidence
WHAT DOES THE LOWER BRAIN DO? All vertebrates have it Emotions are produced here.
WHAT DOES THE CORTEX DO? Most mammals have it and it varies in size. It is where the analysis of emotion occurs.
AFFECTIVE DRIVES Occur in lower brain Drivers of emotional behaviour Humans and other mammals Also may be in birds and reptiles, but there is less research
Created by: tigerking31



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