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ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDER (ASPD) & CONDUCT DISORDER (CD) Defined in DSM-IV Focuses on Behaviour, rather than core Personality Traits Associated with Psychopathy but not equivalent
CONDUCT DISORDER (CD) IN CHILDREN Repetitive and persistent pattern of behaviour in which the basic rights of others or major age appropriate societal norms or rules are violated (Aggression to people and animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft)
HARE PSYCHOPATHY CHECKLIST Has 20 items measuring the presence and strength of characteristics as reported by clinicians Possible scores of 0-40 Scores >30 indicate psychopathy 2 Main Factors (4 facets)
FACET 1: INTERPERSONAL Glibness / superficial charm Grandiose sense of self-worth Pathological lying Cunning / manipulative
FACET 2: AFFECTIVE Lack of remorse or guilt Shallow affect Callous / lack of empathy Failure to accept responsibility
FACET 3: SOCIAL DEVIANCE Need for stimulation / proneness to boredom Parasitic lifestyle Lack of realistic, long-term goals Impulsivity Irresponsibility
FACET 4: ANTISOCIAL Poor behavioural controls Early behavioural problems Juvenile delinquency Revocation of conditional release Criminal versatility
BIT MORE ABOUT PSYCHOPATHY It is not the display of antisocial behaviour. Instead it is the emotional impairment.
PSYCHOPATHY AND CRIME Individuals with psychopathy reoffend at higher rates than non-psychopathic individuals Recidivism rates: Individuals with psychopathy 3 times higher than non-psychopathic individuals Violent recidivism rates: 3-5 times higher
ARE PSYCHOPATHS BORN THAT WAY? Martin Bryant (Port Arthur mass murder): Showed signs in early childhood. Genetics:
CAN YOU PREDICT IT IN CHILDHOOD? Childhood Conduct Disorder - children with CD do not always become adult psychopaths McDonald’s predictive triad Bed-wetting, fire-lighting and cruelty to animals Not well supported by empirical research
CHILDREN WITH CALLOUS-UNEMOTIONAL TRAITS Recent studies demonstrate similar brain patterns (using brain scan studies) as with adults Role of Amygdala- elicits fear, distress or anxiety, seems to not fire up with adult psychopaths
PROBLEMS WITH NURTURE Environment Severe parental rejection Lack of parental affection Inconsistency in discipline and teaching responsibility Absent father
TREATMENT Search for organic basis of the condition Psychological treatment is often enabling Skills training Early intervention Promising research with eye contact
Created by: tigerking31



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