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Ch. 28 JFK/LBJ

1960s American history

The two candidates for president in the 1960 election were ________________________ and _______________________________. John Kennedy; Richard Nixon
True or False: John F. Kennedy came from a wealthy and politically experienced family. True
True or False: John F. Kennedy served as Congressman from 1946-1952. True
True or False: John F. Kennedy served as Vice-President before becoming President. False
True or False: John F. Kennedy served as served as Senator from 1952-1960. True
True or False: John F. Kennedy won a Pulitzer for his book Profiles in Courage. True
True or False: John F. Kennedy was the first Catholic elected President. True
True or False: John F. Kennedy was the youngest elected President at the age of 43. True
What was Kennedy’s policy that involved preparing for a variety of military responses to international crises rather than focusing on the use of nuclear weapons? Flexible response
Who has been the Communist dictator of Cuba since 1959? Fidel Castro
The ___________________________ was a failed invasion of Cuba that attempted to start an uprising to overthrow Castro in April of 1961. Bay of Pigs
Which Soviet leader secretly began building 42 nuclear missile sites in Cuba? Nikita Khrushchev
This event ended when Khrushchev agreed to remove missiles from Cuba in exchange for America’s promise not to invade Cuba. Cuban Missile Crisis
This event began when Khrushchev threatened to sign a treaty with East Germany that would close all access roads to West Berlin. Berlin crisis
This was a concrete and barbed wire barricade separated East Berlin and West Berlin from 1961 until 1989. Berlin Wall
This was a direct communication link set up between the White House and the Kremlin to deal with future crises. The hotline
This was an agreement between the Soviet Union and the United States to bar nuclear testing in the atmosphere. The Limited Test Ban Treaty
He was the younger brother and attorney general of John Kennedy. Robert F. Kennedy
This was was the name of Kennedy’s legislative agenda. The New Frontier
This is an economic stimulus program in which government spending is increased and taxes are lowered. Deficit spending
This is a program of volunteer assistance to the developing nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America started by John Kennedy. Peace Corps
This program offered economic and technical assistance to help Latin American countries improve their living standards. The Alliance for Progress
This Soviet cosmonaut became the first human in space. Yuri Gagarin
This American was the first man to set foot on the moon. Neil Armstrong
Michael Harrington’s book _____________________________ showed that 42 million Americans lived in poverty. The Other America
He was arrested for the assassination of JFK. Lee Harvey Oswald
This was a committee presided over by Chief Justice Earl Warren that investigated the JFK assassination and concluded that Oswald was the lone gunman. The Warren Commission
True or False: Lyndon Johnson served in both the House and the Senate. True
True or False: Lyndon Johnson served as Senate Majority Leader. True
True or False: Lyndon Johnson served as Vice-President under John F. Kennedy. True
True or False: Lyndon Johnson was a Boston liberal from Massachusetts. False
This act signed into law by Johnson prohibited discrimination based on race, religion, national origin, and gender. Civil Rights Act of 1964
This created youth programs, antipoverty measures, small business loans, and job training. Economic Opportunity Act
This is an education program for underprivileged preschoolers. Head Start
He was a conservative Senator who lost against Johnson in the 1964 election. Barry Goldwater
This was the name of Lyndon Johnson’s legislative agenda. The Great Society
This abolished the poll tax in federal elections. 24th Amendment
He was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who promoted more liberal polices in the 1950s and 1960s. Earl Warren
The Court stated in the case ____________________________ that police must read suspects their rights before questioning. Miranda v. Arizona
The court case ___________________________ established the principle of “one person, one vote” in making congressional districts more representative. Baker v. Carr