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S.S Unit 1 Study

To help with Unit !

Before 1860, what did most people in the United States do for a living? Farming/Farmers
Capital can be best described as... a. Money need for making/building/improving a business b. wealth available for or capable of use in the production of further wealth, as by industrial investment
What happened to the population of the United States after the civil war until the early 1900s and WHY? The population (of the United States after the civil war until the early 1900s) grew because of immigrants immigrating to the US for better lives
Henry Ford contributed significantly to industrialization by developing the ____________ assembly line
Trust were business organizations designed to______________ eliminate competition
Trust were good for corporations, but bad for ______________ consumers
What were some new technologies that helped production in the late 1800s/early 1900s? Some new technologies (that helped production in the late 1800s/early 1900s) were new machinery, power plants and new steel
In the US during the late 1880's, increased immigration, the expansion of industry and improvements in transportation lead to the growth of _________. This is also called ______________. cities/urbanization
List three benefits of this era of industrial growth -technological advances -many job opportunities -more production in products
List three problems created by this era of industrial growth . -bad working conditions -corruption -bad production (ex. unsanitary products)
In the period from 1890 to 1910, most immigrant from eastern and southern Europe settled in large cities of the eastern United States primarily because __________________ more factories = more job opportunities
What was the most significant impact of the transcontinental railroad during the late 1800s? The most significant impact (of the transcontinental railroad during the late 1800s) was that it allowed faster transportation of products, ideas, and people.
Most people purchase shares of stock in corporation in order to __________ Share in the process
In 1982, the United States government open Ellis Island primarily to ______________ process immigrants
Until the late 1800s, few restrictions on immigration to the United States existed primarily because industry needed ________________ people to work for them (at a cheap price too)
Define nativist Native born people who dislike immigrants
The Chinese Exclusion Act was supported by which group of Americans? Nativists
During the late 1800s and early 1900s, prejudice against "new" immigrant increased mainly because these immigrants ________________ were different/took jobs
New technology, new ways of raising capital, cheap labor and new transportation networks in the 1800s all led to _________________ industrialization/urbanization
The Progressive movement supported the idea that the federal government should regulate _______________ business
Muckrakers were able to influence American society by ___________________ exposing the truth (behind businesses)
The 1906 publication of Upton Sinclair's book The Jungle helped expose _______________ the Meat Industry (production)
Define reform to fix/change for the better
In general, the reforms of the Progressive Era tried to help which groups of people? The reforms (of the Progressive Era) tried to help the public (the public being consumers and workers)
Teddy Roosevelt believed that "bad" trusts should be __________ and "good" trusts should be ____________ Destroyed/regulated
Name and describe (any amount of) specific reforms of the Progressive Era Anti-Trust laws; 17th Amendment; Primary
Which tragic event in 1911 led to the passage of laws that created safer working conditions? The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire 1911 led to the passage of laws that created safer working conditions
The formation of national labor unions in the late 1800s was mainly a response to _______________ -long hours of work -little pay bad working conditions
Created by: 21.quinton.meney



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