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6th gr GA Government

6th grade Georgia Government

distribution of power the relationship between the national or central government (authority) and the smaller governmental divisions (states, provinces, counties, and cities)
unitary all power is held by a (one) central government (authority). The central government can give specific powers to regional governments but it can also take them away. Example: UK
confederation state/regional governments (authorities) hold most of the power. voluntary associations of independent states that to secure some common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their freedom Example: EU
federal (federation) power is divided between the central government and regional governments. Some powers belong to the central government, some powers belong to the regional governments, and some are shared. Examples: Germany, Russia
autocracy (autocratic) government in which on eperson possesses unlimited power and the citizen has little, if any, role in the government
oligarchy (oligarchic) government by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes and the citizen has a very limited role
democracy (democratic) a government in which the supreme power is given to the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation like free elections the citizens have a lot of power through rights and freedoms such as the right to vote
unitary the majority of countries in the world have this type of government
federal only 24 countries in the world have this type of government
parliamentary democracy a system of government in which there is no separation of power between the executive and legislative branches of government
parliamentary democracy citizens vote for their representatives in the legislative branch of their government and the members of the legislative branch elect the prime minister from the majority political party. Example: UK, Germany
presidential democracy a system of government in which the president is constitutionally independent of the legislature (separation of executive and legislative branches). Example: U.S.
parliamentary democracy most common form of democracy in the world
presidential democracy least common form of democracy in the world
United Kingdom parliamentary democracy, unitary, constitutional monarchy
Germany federal republic
Russia federation
Chief of state: Queen Elizabeth, Head of Government: Prime Minister Theresa May United Kingdom
monarchy hereditary rule (king, queen, emperor)
absolute monarchy rule by a monarch with little citizen participation
constitutional monarchy constitution provides power to the citizens and limits the power of the monarch within the country. Monarch has ceremonial duties.
House of Lords and House of Commons United Kingdom - legislative branch
suffrage right to vote (universal suffrage = everyone can vote)
Chief of state: President, Head of Government: Chancellor Germany
Federal Assembly (Bundestag) and Federal Council (Bundesrat) Germany - legislative branch
Chief of state: President, Head of government: Premier Russia
Federation Council and State Duma Russia - legislative branch
chief of state the name and title of the leader of the country who represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government
head of government the name and title of the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the government
theocracy a religious holy book is used to determine law and consequence in a country
dictatorship rule, control, or leadership by one person with total power
Canada parliamentary democracy, constitutional monarchy
Cuba dictatorship, communist, autocratic
Brazil presidential democracy, federal republic
Mexico presidential democracy, federal republic
Australia parliamentary democracy, constitutional monarchy
Created by: Bailey6ss



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