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HistB Ch 5-2
Settling on the Great Plains
|Who did the federal government make huge land grants too?
|What were the names of the two major rail companies laying track across the US
|Central Pacific and Union Pacific
|The act passed by congress that gave 160 acres of land free to any citizen or intended citizen who was head of the household.
|African American who migrated from the South to Kansas in the post-Reconstruction years was known as ___________________.
|What state became known as the Sooner State?
|The federal government made huge land grants to the railroads, how many acres of land did the give?
|Why did the government create Yellowstone National Park?
|To protect a portion of the land from settlement
|What does the term "soddy" refer to?
|a home made from sod that leaked when it rained and attracted insect, snakes and other pests
|Who invented the first Steel Plow to slice through heavy soil?
|What did Cyrus McCormick mass produce?
|a Reaping machine.
|How did new inventions change farming in the West?
|I made more grain available for a wider market because the bushels of grain could be produced in a fraction of the time.
|What was the Morrill Act of 1892 and 1890?
|It gave federal land to the states to help finance agricultural colleges.
|What was the Hatch Act of 1887?
|It established agricultural experiment stations to inform farmers of new developments.
|What are of the US was called the "breadbasket of the nation"?
|The dry eastern plains
|What were bonanza farms?
|They were huge single crop spread of 15,000-50,000 acres.
|What is a mortgage?
|To legally pledge property to a creditor as security for the payment of a loan or dept.
|What is extortion?
|The illegal use of one's official position or powers to obtain property or funds.
|Why did the bonanza farms fold and go bankrupt?
|The could not compete with smaller farms. The smaller farms were much more flexible in the crops they grew.