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HistB Ch 5-2

Settling on the Great Plains

QuestionAnswer
Who did the federal government make huge land grants too? Railroads
What were the names of the two major rail companies laying track across the US Central Pacific and Union Pacific
The act passed by congress that gave 160 acres of land free to any citizen or intended citizen who was head of the household. Homestead Act
African American who migrated from the South to Kansas in the post-Reconstruction years was known as ___________________. exoduster
What state became known as the Sooner State? Oklahoma
The federal government made huge land grants to the railroads, how many acres of land did the give? 170 acres
Why did the government create Yellowstone National Park? To protect a portion of the land from settlement
What does the term "soddy" refer to? a home made from sod that leaked when it rained and attracted insect, snakes and other pests
Who invented the first Steel Plow to slice through heavy soil? John Deer
What did Cyrus McCormick mass produce? a Reaping machine.
How did new inventions change farming in the West? I made more grain available for a wider market because the bushels of grain could be produced in a fraction of the time.
What was the Morrill Act of 1892 and 1890? It gave federal land to the states to help finance agricultural colleges.
What was the Hatch Act of 1887? It established agricultural experiment stations to inform farmers of new developments.
What are of the US was called the "breadbasket of the nation"? The dry eastern plains
What were bonanza farms? They were huge single crop spread of 15,000-50,000 acres.
What is a mortgage? To legally pledge property to a creditor as security for the payment of a loan or dept.
What is extortion? The illegal use of one's official position or powers to obtain property or funds.
Why did the bonanza farms fold and go bankrupt? The could not compete with smaller farms. The smaller farms were much more flexible in the crops they grew.
Created by: imhangen