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HistB Ch 5-1

Cultures Clash on the Prairie

What are the Great Plains? The grassland extending through the west-central portion of the United States
Who was Zitkala-Sa? An Sioux Indian who was sent to a Quaker School in Indiana.
Who produced beautifully crafted tools and clothing? People of the Plains
How did the introduction of Horses and guns change the Indian the Indian way of life? They were able to travel further to hunt Buffalo.
What provided the Indians many of their basic needs? The buffalo
What were the basic needs that the buffalo provided? Tepees, clothing, shoes, blankets and meat
How did Native Americans live on the plains? In small extended family groups
What did Native American men do? They trained to become hunters and warriors
What did Native American women do? They helped butcher the game and prepare the buffalo hides for use.
How was Indian land used? Land was held in common for the whole tribe to use.
Who believed that the land could not be owned? Native American Indians
Why did white settlers believe that land can be owned? They believed it would give them a stake in the country.
Why did the white settlers believe that the Indians forfeited their rights to the land? Because the Indians did not "improve" the land thus they had no claim to it and it was thus "unsettled".
What attracted people to the West? The discovery of Gold and the prospect of striking it rich.
What was the policy toward Native American land? The government formed treaties with each tribe that defined specific boundaries for each.
What was the document that the Sioux Indians were forced to sign in which the Sioux agreed to live on a reservation along the Missouri River? Treaty of Fort Laramie
Who was Tatanka Iyotanka? Sitting Bull
Who did not sign the Treaty of Fort Laramie? Sitting Bull
What led to the Red River War? Six years of raiding by the Kiowa and Comanche Tribes
Who said that the Black Hill had gold "from the grass roots down"? Colonel George A. Custer
What were the results of Custer's Last Stand? He and his troops were outflanked and all were killed at Little Bighorn River.
Who appeared in "Buffalo Bill" Cody's Wild West Show? Sitting Bull
Who wrote ""A Century of Dishonor"? Helen Hunt Jackson, (
What does Assimilation mean? a plan in which the Native Americans were to give up their beliefs and way of life and become part of the white culture.
Congress passed ___________________ that aimed to "Americanize" the Native American. Dawes Act
The ___________________________ broke up the reservations and divided the land based on marital status. Dawes Act
What was the most significant blow to the tribal life on the plains? The destruction of the buffalo.
What battle brought the Indian wars and entire era to a bitter end? The Battle of Wounded Knee
The American cowboys way of life stemmed directly form who? The Spanish rancher in Mexico.
What developments led to the rapid growth of the cattle industry? The demand for beef due to the rapidly growing cities after the Civil War.
Who came up with a plan to create a shipping yard where the cattle trails cam together? Joseph McCoy
What was the name of the major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas, through Oklahoma to Kansas called? Chisholm Trail
James Butler Hickok was known as ? "Wild Bill"
Hickok (Wild Bill) was killed while holding a pair of aces and a pair of eights in a poker game. What is this hand known as? "dead man's hand"
Who was Calamity Jane Martha Jane Burke
What was responsible to the end of the cattle herding days? Over grazing of the land, extended bad weather and the invention of barbed wire.
Created by: imhangen