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ME Religion Griggs

ME Study Guide Griggs

QuestionAnswer
Where is Kurdistan? Mountainous area near the countries of Turkey, Syria, Iran and Iraq where the Kurds live.
Which language is spoken by the Kurds? Kurdish/variation of Farsi
What language is spoken by the Persians? Farsi
What language is spoken by the Jews? Hebrew
What language is spoken by the Arabs? Arabic
Ethnicity is characterized by ______________________. a common ancestry, common language, holidays and traditions, and sometimes religion--cannot be changed unlike religion.
The majority of Kurds follow what religion? Islam (Sunni)
The majority of Persians follow what religion? Islam (Shi'a)
The majority of Jews follow what religion? Judaism
The majority of Arabs follow what religion? Islam (Sunni)
What are the characteristics of a religious group? Belief in a god or gods, common literature, rituals, and religious holidays
How are ethnic groups and religious groups different? An ethnic group cannot change its ancestry or roots, religion can be changed.
Who is the founder of Christianity? Jesus
Who is the founder of Judaism? Abraham
Who is the founder of Islam? Mohammad
What is the name of the place of worship for Jews? Synagogue
What is the name of the place of worship for Christians? Church or chapel
What is the name of the place of worship for Muslims? Mosque
What is the name of the sacred text for Christians? The bible
What is the name of the sacred text for Jews? Torah
What is the name of the sacred text for Muslims? Koran/Qu'aran
What is the origin of Christianity (place and time)? Middle East --Jerusalem around 33 ce
What is the origin of Judaism (place and time)? Middle East --Present day Iraq 1800 BCE
What is the origin of Islam (place and time)? Mecca, Saudi Arabia around 622 ce
Which religion believes they are descendants of Abraham? all three--Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
What is the most prominent religion of the Middle East? Islam (Sunni)
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are similar in that they all ______________________. Began in the Middle East, believe in monotheism, and all three believe they are descendants of Abraham.
How are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam different? Their founders are different, their beliefs are different, their holy book is different, and holidays are different. Jesus is seen as a prophet for Judaism and Islam.
What are the two forms of Islam? Sunni and Shi'a
Why was there a division between Sunni and Shi'a Islam? The two disagreed over who should lead Muslims after the death of Mohammad.
Name the 5 Pillars of Faith? Prayer, Faith, Giving alms (Charity), Ramadan, Pilgrimage to Mecca
What are the major beliefs of Sunni Muslims? Leader doesn't have to be blood relative of Mohammad, 5 Pillars of Faith, follow teachings of Mohammad, Koran is holy book, Ramadan
What are the major beliefs of Shi'a Muslims? Caliph has to be a blood relative of Mohammad, Shariah Law, 5 Pillars of Faith, follow teachings of Mohammad, Koran is holy book, Ramadan
What are the major beliefs of Judaism? Jesus is a prophet, 10 Commandments
What are the major beliefs of Christianity? Jesus is the Messiah and he died to save his people, 10 Commandments
What is the name of law based on the Koran called? Shariah Law
Created by: darcymcfarlane
 

 



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