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CCCC Am. Hist 1

American History - People and Events

Governor of Alabama. Ran for president in 1968 as third party candidate. Was shot in 1972 while campaigning for Democratic presidential nomination. Known as a segregationist. George Wallace
US Admiral who commanded the US Pacific Fleet during World War II Chester W. Nimitz
Hero of the War of 1812 who ran for president in 1852 as a Whig candidate. Known as "Old Fuss and Feathers" Winfield Scott
Wisconsin senator from 1947 to 1957 who led an effort to identify communists who had "infiltrated the federal government" Joseph McCarthy
Attorney General and US Senator who was assassinated by Sirhan Sirhan in 1968 Robert F. Kennedy
Director of the FBI from 1924 to 1972 J. Edgar Hoover
Vice President of the US during Franklin Delano Roosevelt's first two terms, from 1933 to 1941 and Speaker of the House starting in 1931. John Nance Garner
First woman to fly across the Atlantic. Disappeared after setting out to fly around the world with Frederick Noonan in 1937 Amelia Earhart
First child born to English parents in what would become the United States Virginia Dare
Revolutionary War hero who rode from Boston to Lexington in 1775 to warn colonists of the coming of British troops Paul Revere
American gangster known as Scarface who was convicted of federal income tax evasion in 1931 and served part of his sentence at Alcatraz Al Capone
Icon for the anti-slavery movement who was the first American to die in the Boston Massacre and often held up as the first victim of the American Revolution Crispus Attucks
French colonial governor who founded Detroit and served as governor of Louisiana Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac
1863 proclamation by Abraham Lincoln that freed all slaves in the Confederacy. The Emancipation Proclamation
Black seamstress who, in 1955, refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery, AL bus to a white person. Rosa Parks
Women's rights convention held in New York in 1848, organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Stanton Seneca Falls Convention
The Kingfish, a Louisiana governor and senator in the 20s and 30s who was assassinated prior to his presidential campaign Huey Pierce Long, Jr.
1961 attempted invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles supported by the United States Bay of Pigs Invasion
Vice President under Richard Nixon from 1969 until his resignation in 1973 Spiro Agnew
First governor of Massachusetts John Winthrop
Secretary of State who purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867 William Seward
African-American political leader and clergyman who ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and 1988 Rev. Jesse L. Jackson, Jr.
Vice president under Jimmy Carter who won the 1984 Democratic presidential nomination and picked the first female vice presidential candidate in US history, Geraldine Ferraro Walter Mondale
Five time socialist party presidential candidate Eugene Debs
Newspaper publisher and political leader known for the phrase "Go west, young man." Horace Greeley
Abolitionist who took over a federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, VA and was captured and hanged for treason John Brown
Secretary of State during the Truman administration who helped establish NATO and an eponymous plan that aided in restoration of European economies after the second World War George C. Marshall
Fall River, MA, woman who was found not guilty of the murder by axe of her father and stepmother in 1892 Lizzie Andrew Borden
Senator from New York from 1791 to 1797 who lost the 1800 presidential election to Thomas Jefferson, then became his vice president. His political career ended when he shot Alexander Hamilton in a duel. Aaron Burr
Founder of Rhode Island Roger Williams
Founder of the Girl Scouts Juliette Gordon Low
1940 Republican presidential candidate Wendell Willkie
A slave who led a revolt in 1831 and was hanged the same year Nat Turner
Mayor of New York City known as "The Little Flower" Fiorello H. LaGuardia
First female Supreme Court Justice, appointed in 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor
Massachusetts Democrat who served as Speaker of the House from 1977 to 1997 Edward "Ted" Kennedy
State Department official accused of being a Soviet secret agent by Whittaker Chambers Alger Hiss
Associate Supreme Court justice from 1970-1994 appointed by Richard Nixon Harry Andrew Blackmun
Presidential candidate for two different parties: the Greenback Party in 1880 and the Populist Party in 1892 James Baird Weaver
Independent presidential candidate who founded Electronic Data Systems in 1962 and ran unsuccessfully in 1992 and 1996 H. Ross Perot
South Dakota senator who ran for president in 1972 George McGovern
Lyndon Johnson's vice president who lost the 1968 presidential election to Richard Nixon Hubert Humphrey
First US naval officer to become an admiral. Famous for the phrase "Damn the torpedoes!" John Chapman
"Angel of the Battlefield" who organized the American Red Cross in 1881 Florence Nightingale
Governor of Massachusetts from 1794 to 1797 who helped plan the Boston Tea Party and signed the Declaration of Independence Samuel Adams
First bloodshed of the American Revolution Battle of Concord and Lexington
Led United Farm Workers strike and boycott against California grape growers in 1966 Cesar Chavez
First major-party female vice-presidential candidate Geraldine Ferraro
Program established to help European countries rebuild their economies after World War II Marshall Plan
1925 trial of a high school teacher for teaching evolution, prosecuted by William Jennings Bryan and defended by Clarence Darrow Scopes Monkey Trial
Educator and founder of the Tuskegee Institute, a black college in Alabama Booker T, Washington
Creator of cartoon depictions of the Republican elephant and Democrat donkey Thomas Nast
Site of a student protest against the Vietnam War that ended in Ohio National Guardsmen firing on protestors, resulting in four deaths Kent State University
Secretary of State to Ulysses S. Grant from 1869 to 1877 Elihu Benjamin Washburne
Secretary of State under Franklin Roosevelt from 1933 to 1944 who was given the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 Cordell Hull
Kansas policeman involved in the 1881 shoot-out at the OK Corral in Tombstone, AZ Wyatt Earp
Editor of the Lily, a periodical dedicated to women's rights and temperance, who began wearing full trousers later known as "bloomers" Amelia Bloomer
Founder of Chicago's Hull House Jane Addams
A Nixon appointee who became the 15th chief justice of the Supreme Court Warren Earl Burger
First governor of the Virginia Colony Edward Maria Wingfield
Lost reelection in 1994, becoming the first sitting Speaker of the House to do so since 1860 Thomas Foley
President of the Republic of Texas from 1836 to 1838 and again from 1841 to 1844 Sam Houston
Wyoming woman who became the first female governor of any US state in 1925 Nellie Tayloe Ross
Defense attorney at the Scopes Monkey Trial William Jennings Bryan
Conductor of the Underground Railroad known as "Grandma Moses" Harriet Tubman
American couple convicted and executed for being Soviet spies in 1953 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Confederate general given the nickname "The Little Napoleon" at the first battle of Bull Run Pierre Beauregard
1862 law that gave 160 acres of land to any family that lived on and cultivated the land for five years Homestead Act
President of the Confederacy from 1861 to 1865 Jefferson Davis
Leader of the Green Mountain Boys who captured Fort Ticonderoga in 1775 Ethan Allen
Leader of the Half-Breed Republicans who opposed the Stalwart Republicans James G. Blaine
1969 event in which a car driven by Ted Kennedy plunged off a bridge and a woman on his staff was killed Chappaquiddick Incident
Commodore who led the destruction of the Spanish fleet in Manila during the Spanish-American War George Dewey
Fourteen goals, including the League of Nations, put forth by Woodrow Wilson during peace negotiations after World War I Fourteen Points
Appointed by Lyndon Johnson, he was the first African-American supreme court justice Thurgood Marshall
Replaced General MacArthur as commander of the United Nations forces in the Korean War Matthew Ridgeway
Appointed Secretary of State by Jimmy Carter in 1977 Cyrus Roberts Vance
Confederate general who was named general in chief of all Confederate armies in February 1865 and surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865 Robert E. Lee
Associate justice of the Supreme Court from 1902 to 1932 who was nicknamed the Great Dissenter John Marshall Harlan
Vice President of the US from 1989 to 1993, an Indiana republican who served in both the House and the Senate and was famously unable to spell "potatoes" Dan Quayle
Texas fort in San Antonio where a small number of Americans made a stand against a much larger Mexican force led by Santa Anna in 1836 The Alamo
Founder of the National Organization for Women (any of the following) Shirley Chisholm, Betty Friedan or Muriel Fox
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1864 to 1873 who also served as a US Senator, the governor of Ohio, and Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase
14th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1953 to 1969 who presided over Brown v. Topeka Board of Education and headed the commission that investigated the assassination of John F. Kennedy Earl Warren
First permanent English settlement in North America Jamestown, VA
Speech by Lincoln that began "Four score and seven years ago..." Gettysburg Address
NAACP co-founder who edited their magazine, The Crisis, and joined the communist party and moved to Ghana in 1961 W. E. B. duBois
Laws that gave the president great power over foreigners in the United States and authorized fining and imprisonment for criticism of the government Alien and Sedition Acts
American inventor, scientist, statesman, diplomat and founding father who wrote Poor Richard's Almanac Benjamin Franklin
Presidential candidate who unexpectedly lost to Harry Truman in 1948 Thomas E. Dewey
American railroad magnate who connected New York and Chicago by 1873 and founded the Tennessee Southeastern Conference charter member named for him Cornelius Vanderbilt
Founder of the Boy Scouts Robert Baden-Powell
Known as the Great Compromiser, he is best known for his work on the Missouri Compromise of 1821 and the Compromise of 1850 Henry Clay
Leader of the women's suffrage movement whose face was on a silver dollar coin Susan B. Anthony
Secretary of State from 1898-1905 who was responsible for establishing the open-door policy in China John Milton Hay
Blazed the Wilderness Trail for the Transylvania Company in 1775 and founded a self-named Kentucky village Daniel Boone
Presidential candidate who lost to Rutherford B. Hayes by one electoral vote in 1876 Samuel J. Tilden
Former Ku Klux Klan member who was appointed to the Supreme Court by Franklin Roosevelt in 1937 and served until 1971 Hugo Black
Often called the first US third party, their aim was to drive the Freemasons from society Anti-Masonic Party
Protest of British attempts at direct taxation of Americans that saw 300 chests of tea dumped into the sea Boston Tea Party
Supporter of the Erie Canal who lost the 1812 presidential race to James Madison Dewitt Clinton
Abolitionist who printed a newspaper called The Liberator William Lloyd Garrison
Secretary of State from 1989-1992 and White House Chief of Staff from 1992 to 1993 James Baker
Led the United States first army charge in the invasion of Normandy and served as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1949 to 1953 Omar Bradley
Fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who presided over Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, and Gibbons v. Ogden John Jay
Killed in a duel by Aaron Burr, this statesman did a great deal of work to get the constitution ratified, mainly through his contributions to The Federalist Alexander Hamilton
Scopes Monkey Trial prosecutor who was Secretary of State from 1913 to 1915 William Jennings Bryan
"Father of Texas" and champion of the Texas revolution who briefly served as the Secretary of State of the Republic of Texas. The state's capital is named for him. Stephen Fuller Austin
Quaker founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
Union general famous for his march of troops from Atlanta to the Atlantic Ocean William Tecumseh Sherman
US laws passed to control monopoly capitalism Antitrust Laws
Running mate of Michael Dukakis during his failed 1988 presidential bid, he was appointed as treasury secretary by Bill Clinton in 1993 Lloyd Bentsen
5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who presided over the Dred Scott case in 1857 Roger Brooke Taney
American revolutionary heroine who carried water to her husband and other soldiers at the Battle of Monmouth in 1778 Mary Ludwig Hays (AKA Molly Pitcher)
Unsuccessful Progressive Party presidential candidate in the 1924 election Robert LaFollette
Created by: jbohrer